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Impact Of Different Die Draw Ratio On Crystalline And Oriented Properties Of Polypropylene Cast Films And Annealed Films
Published 2018 · Materials Science
Four kinds of polypropylene (PP) cast films with different die draw ratios (DDR) were prepared. The impact of different DDR on the crystalline and oriented properties of PP cast films and annealed films was explored herein. Wide angle X-ray diffraction (WAXD) and fourier transform infrared (FTIR) methods were adopted to examine the orientation degree of crystalline and amorphous phases. Long period distance (Lp) of the crystalline structure was tested by small angle X-ray scattering (SAXS). Crystallization was determined by differential scanning calorimeter (DSC). The oriented and crystalline behaviors of the samples were carried out by the elastic recovery (ER) testing. Then, samples after being annealed were examined by the same methods. The influence of annealing process on the films’ structures and properties was explored. Besides, the final stretched microporous membranes manufactured via stretching the annealed films along machine direction were examined by scanning electronic microscope (SEM). No matter for cast films or for annealed films, it is found that the films’ orientation degree of crystalline and amorphous phases, as well as Lp and crystallinity are larger at higher DDR and relatively lower at lower DDR. When the DDR is overly high (DDR = 170), both the oriented and crystalline properties will decline. Elastic recovery testing indicates that a film with better orientation of the crystalline and the amorphous phases as well as with higher crystallinity can be obtained at an appropriate DDR. SEM images show that stretched membranes with better microporous structure can be obtained when the precursor film is prepared at a proper DDR.