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The Occurrence Laws Of Campus Stampede Accidents In China And Its Prevention And Control Measures
Published 2017 · Engineering
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Stampede accidents have become the major threat to campus security in China. In order to grasp the occurrence regularity of campus stampede accidents in China and to prevent the accidents, statistical analysis methods and case analysis methods were employed to study the temporal and spatial characteristics and inducing factors of campus stampede accidents in China during 2000–2014. The results showed that the occurrence frequency and casualties of campus stampede accidents in China had larger inter-annual changes and presented a decreasing trend overall. Autumn had the largest occurrence frequency and casualties, respectively, accounting for 63 and 74%; winter took the second; and spring and summer were the least. Campus stampede accidents in China were distinct in week variation and an existed Monday phenomenon. Monday had the largest occurrence frequency and casualties, respectively, accounting for 32.4 and 23.1%. Campus stampede accidents in China mostly occurred in south-central China, and in the northwest and southwest borderlands. 92.3% of stampede accidents occurred on stairs. Primary schools had the highest occurrence frequency and casualties, occupying 71.2 and 60.7%. Education fund input, student–teacher ratio, and students’ enrollment had significant impact on campus stampede accidents in China.