Ac Electrical Parameters Of Al-ZnPc-Al Organic Semiconducting Films
The ac electrical parameters of thermally evaporated zinc phthalocyanine, ZnPc, semiconducting thin films was measured in the temperature range of 180–390 K and frequency between 0.1 and 20 kHz. Aluminum electrode contacts were utilized to sandwich the organic ZnPc semiconducting films. Capacitance and loss tangent decreased rapidly with frequency at high temperatures, but at lower temperatures a weak variation is observed. An equivalent circuit model assuming ohmic contacts could qualitatively and successfully explains capacitance and loss tangent behavior.
The ac conductivity showed strong dependence on both temperature and frequency depending on the relevant temperature and frequency range under consideration. Ac conductivity σ (ω) is found to vary with ω, as ω s with the index s ≤ 1.35 suggesting a dominant hopping conduction process at low temperatures (< 250 K) and high frequency. The conductivity of some samples did not increase monotonically with temperature. This behavior was attributed to oxygen exhaustion of the sample as its temperature is increased. The ac conductivity behavior at low temperatures of ZnPc films could be described well by Elliott model assuming hopping of charge carriers between localized sites.