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In Situ Growth Of Carbon Nanotubes On Ti Powder For Strengthening Of Ti Matrix Composite Via Nanotube–Particle Dual Morphology

S. F. Li, J. Cui, L. Yang, Y. F. Yang, R. Misra, R. Zheng, T. Zuo, Z. S. Gao, Z. T. Huang
Published 2020 · Materials Science

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In situ synthesis of carbon nanotubes (CNTs) on Ti powder decorated with Ni catalyst enabled us to obtain a high-quality CNTs/Ti composite powder via fluidized bed chemical vapor deposition (FBCVD) process. The composite powder was characterized by a combination of high structural integrity and uniform dispersion of CNTs, which is not obtained by traditional ball-milling route. These advantages enabled the retention of CNTs in the near-fully dense titanium matrix composite (TMC), together with the uniform dispersion of TiC particles. The CNTs and TiC particles coordinated with each other and contributed to a synergistic effect involving load transfer from the matrix to CNTs and dispersion strengthening of TiC particles. The nanotube–particle-reinforced TMC exhibited superior mechanical properties in comparison to single-phase-reinforced TMCs. The catalytic behavior of Ni, controllable synthesis of CNTs, the retention behavior of CNTs, and the formation mechanism of TiC particles during the sintering process are discussed in detail.
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