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Indomethacin And Acetylsalicylic Acid Block Neurogenic Plasma Protein Extravasation In Rat Dura Mater.
M. G. Buzzi, D. Sakas, M. Moskowitz
Published 1989 · Chemistry, Medicine
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Leakage of 125I-bovine serum albumin was measured in rat dura mater, conjunctiva, eyelid and lip, after unilateral electrical stimulation of the trigeminal ganglion. In one animal, 99Tc-human serum albumin leakage was imaged in ipsilateral facial tissues. Pretreatment with indomethacin 1 mg/kg i.p. decreased leakage in dura mater but not in extracranial tissues. When extravasation was expressed as a ratio of stimulated to unstimulated sides, indomethacin 1 mg/kg, or acetylsalicylic acid 50 mg/kg decreased this ratio from 1.80 to 1.27 (P less than 0.01) or from 1.84 to 1.21 (P less than 0.01), respectively. Dexamethasone (1 mg/kg i.p. tid X 1 day) caused only a very small decrease. Only large doses of indomethacin (10 mg/kg) or acetylsalicylic acid (50 mg/kg) reduced substance P (SP)-induced leakage in the dura. The latter results suggest that both drugs block plasma extravasation by acting on neuropeptides-induced changes in vascular permeability and/or smooth muscle contractility. However, inhibition of SP release from sensory axons cannot be excluded at concentrations which block neurogenic plasma extravasation but not SP-induced plasma leakage. Together, these results provide a possible mechanism for the therapeutic effects of indomethacin and acetylsalicylic acid in headache.
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