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Effects Of Sciatic Nerve Resection On L7 Spinal Roots And Dorsal Root Ganglia In Adult Cats
M. Risling, H. Aldskogius, C. Hildebrand, S. Remahl
Published 1983 · Biology, Medicine
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The size, distribution, and number of nerve fibers and neuronal perikarya in the L7 spinal roots and ganglia of adult cats were examined 35, 90, and 190 days after ipsilateral sciatic nerve resection. With increasing survival time the size spectra of myelinated ventral root nerve fibers showed a progressive flattening of the alpha peak. In the dorsal roots the myelinated fiber size distribution exhibited a marked shift toward smaller sizes. The reduction in the proportion of large myelinated axons was particularly evident in the dorsal roots. Less clearcut changes were found in the size distribution of spinal ganglion neuronal perikarya. No significant loss of axons could be detected in ventral or dorsal roots. There was, however, a marked reduction in the number of dorsal root ganglion neurons. This discrepancy suggested the possibility that an initial loss of dorsal root axons was concealed by recurrent sprouting of axons from the proximal nerve stump. However, neuroma excision 90 days after nerve resection did not lead to any reduction in dorsal root axon numbers. Thus, any ingrowth of new axons to the dorsal root should occur from levels proximal to the neuroma. In comparison with previous findings in kittens, peripheral nerve resection in adult cats had significantly smaller effects on sizes and numbers of spinal root nerve fibers as well as of dorsal root ganglion neurons. Therefore, the potential for restitution of the peripheral innervation by axon regeneration appeared to be basically greater in mature than in immature animals.
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