Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
← Back to Search

Magnetic Stimulation Of Motor Cortex In Relation To Fastest Voluntary Motor Activity In Neurologically Asymptomatic HIV-positive Patients

G. Arendt, H. Maecker, H. Jablonowski, V. Hoemberg
Published 1992 · Medicine

Save to my Library
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Share
Forty-two HIV-positive patients of various CDC stages without clinically evident neurological deficits were examined with transcranial magnetoelectrical stimulation (TMS). Cortical as well as cervical and lumbar root stimulation was performed after excluding peripheral neuropathies in comparison to an age- and sex-matched control group. Whereas central conduction times were normal, conduction between cervical or lumbar roots and muscle was prolonged. Results were correlated to those of a motor test battery, which revealed slowing of fast alternating movements similar to findings in extrapyramidal disorders. Data indicate that proximal parts of the peripheral nervous system and extrapyramidal structures are subclinically involved in early HIV infection whereas the fastest corticospinal projections remain intact.
This paper references
10.1136/jnnp.52.12.1369
The spectrum of polyneuropathies in patients infected with HIV.
J. Léger (1989)
10.1002/MDS.870050305
Central motor conduction to hand and leg muscles in Huntington's disease
V. Hoemberg (1990)
10.1055/S-2008-1071289
Motor control in childhood onset dopa-responsive dystonia (Segawa syndrome).
K. Mueller (1989)
10.1016/0168-5597(91)90105-7
Magnetic stimulation of motor cortex and nerve roots in children. Maturation of cortico-motoneuronal projections.
K. Mueller (1991)
10.1093/BRAIN/111.2.223
The coexistence of bradykinesia and chorea in Huntington's disease and its implications for theories of basal ganglia control of movement.
P. Thompson (1988)
10.1148/RADIOLOGY.169.2.3174991
White matter disease in AIDS: findings at MR imaging.
W. Olsen (1988)
10.1002/MDS.870010205
Electrophysiology of the corticomotoneurone pathways in patients with movement disorders
P. Thompson (1986)
10.1002/ANA.410210513
HIV antigen in the brains of patients with the AIDS dementia complex
T. Pumarola-Suñe (1987)
10.1002/ANA.410190602
The AIDS dementia complex: I. Clinical features
B. Navia (1986)
10.1093/INFDIS/158.5.1079
The AIDS dementia complex.
R. Price (1988)
10.1038/310407A0
The corticomotoneurone connection is normal in Parkinson's disease
J. Dick (1984)
10.1111/j.1749-6632.1992.tb49632.x
Magnetic Stimulation of the Human Brain
S. Ueno (1992)
10.1016/0306-9877(86)90065-4
Hypothesis: AIDS encephalopathy is due to primary and persistent infection of the brain with a human retrovirus of the lentivirus subfamily.
L. Epstein (1986)
10.1093/BRAIN/110.3.585
Impairment of rapid movement in Huntington's disease.
H. Hefter (1987)
10.1016/0168-5597(91)90027-U
Transcranial stimulation of motor cortex in upper motor neurone syndrome: its relation to the motor deficit.
V. Hoemberg (1991)
10.1136/jnnp.50.7.861
Cortical and cervical stimulation after hemispheric infarction.
A. Berardelli (1987)
10.1136/jnnp.51.6.790
Central motor conduction in degenerative ataxic disorders: a magnetic stimulation study.
D. Claus (1988)



This paper is referenced by
10.1080/13550280802116322
Behavioral and neurophysiological hallmarks of simian immunodeficiency virus infection in macaque monkeys
P. Cheney (2011)
10.1007/s004010050502
Degeneration of the cerebellar dentate nucleus and the inferior olivary nuclei in HIV-1-infected brains: a morphometric analysis
H. Abe (1996)
10.1176/JNP.9.4.579
Incidence of extrapyramidal syndromes in AIDS patients and a comparison group of medically ill inpatients.
G. Ramachandran (1997)
10.1007/BF00920570
HIV-specific changes in the motor performance of HIV-positive intravenous drug abusers
H. V. Giesen (2004)
10.1590/S0004-282X2009000600037
The motor evoked potential in AIDS and HAM/TSP: state of the evidence.
F. E. León-Sarmiento (2009)
10.1016/S1388-2457(99)00060-7
The diagnostic value of motor evoked potentials
V. Lazzaro (1999)
10.1016/0167-8760(93)90006-B
Detection of subclinical motor dysfunctions in early symptomatic HIV infection with topographical EEG.
T. Baldeweg (1993)
10.1007/s001150050646
HIV-1-assoziierte Enzephalopathie und Myelopathie
C. Eggers (2000)
10.1016/B978-0-444-52002-9.00035-8
Neurocognitive deficits in patients with human immunodeficiency virus infection.
J. Blanch (2012)
10.1001/ARCHNEUR.1994.00540240076019
Control of posture in patients with neurologically asymptomatic HIV infection and patients with beginning HIV-1-related encephalopathy.
G. Arendt (1994)
10.1007/978-1-59745-434-6_8
The Changing Face of HIV-Associated Cognitive and Neuropsychiatric Disturbance
R. Cohen (2009)
10.3109/13550289909015808
Motor evoked potentials in a rhesus macaque model of neuro-AIDS.
L. Raymond (1999)
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar