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Pattern Recognition By Means Of Disjoint Principal Components Models

S. Wold
Published 1976 · Mathematics, Computer Science

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Pattern recognition based on modelling each separate class by a separate principal components (PC) model is discussed. These PC models are shown to be able to approximate any continuous variation within a single class. Hence, methods based on PC models will, provided that the data are sufficient, recognize any pattern that exists in a given set of objects. In addition, fitting the objects in each class by a separate PC model will, in a simple way, provide information about such matters as the relevance of single variables, “outliers” among the objects and “distances” between different classes. Application to the classical Iris-data of Fisher is used as an illustration.
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