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Conducting Polymers Prepared By Template Polymerization: Polypyrrole

A. Mohammadi, I. Lundstroem, O. Inganäs, W. R. Salaneck
Published 1990 · Materials Science

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Abstract Electrically conducting polymer composite films have been synthesized from the exposure of poly(4-vinylpyridine) (P-4VP) complexed with an oxidizing agent such as cupric chloride or ferric chloride to pyrrole and water vapour. Polypyrrole was formed in the matrix polymer of P-4VP complexed with iron ions when the mole ratio of polymer to oxidant was less than 2, whereas the growth of polypyrrole occurred at all P -4 VP Cu 2+ ratios. Polymer composite films with electrical conductivities up to 100 (Ωcm)−1 have been obtained by this method. Transparent thin films with a high electrical conductivity were also produced. The electrically conducting polymer composite films have been characterized by X-ray photoelectron, ultraviolet/visible and infra-red spectroscopy and by scanning electron microscopy.
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