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A Dielectric Study Of Molecular Relaxation In Linear Polyethylene

M. Graff, R. Boyd
Published 1994 · Materials Science

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Abstract Although the dielectric β glass-rubber relaxation has previously been observed in dipole-decorated branched polyethylenes and in linear polyethylene containing several mole per cent chlorine, it has not been observed in linear polyethylene containing very low dipole concentrations. Dielectric relaxation has been studied here in a linear polyethylene specimen (containing a few carbonyl groups per 1000 methylene units) in the hope of observing the β process. The isochronal loss peak for the β relaxation is not well resolved from that for the α relaxation. However, it is found that the β process is very apparent as an increment in the isochronal dielectric constant scans. This was taken advantage of in characterizing the relaxation. In comparing the results with previous work it is found that there is a progression in the β relaxation T max location towards higher temperature as the degree of crystallinity increases through branched and linear polyethylene specimens.
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