Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
Please confirm you are human
(Sign Up for free to never see this)
← Back to Search

Studies On Soil Fumigation—II: Effects On Bacteria

E. Ridge
Published 1976 · Biology

Save to my Library
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Share
Abstract In a South Australian wheat-field soil the viable counts of “total” aerobic bacteria and of fluorescent pseudomonads were initially greatly depressed by fumigation with 220 kg·ha−1 chloropicrin (CP) or with a combined application of 220 kg·ha−1 of chloropicrin and 220 kg·ha−1 methyl bromide (F). Bacterial numbers rose sharply within 10 days of the completion of fumigation. For a further 14 days the fluorescent pseudomonads formed the major part of the aerobic bacterial population counted and over 5 months later their numbers in F-treated soil remained about 10 times higher than in untreated soil. Numbers of aerobic spore-formers rose more slowly after CP or F treatment. but then remained significantly higher over the 159 days of the trial. Fumigation with 220 kg·ha−1 of methyl bromide alone (MB) had little effect on soil bacterial numbers. A check of random isolates revealed a predominance of Gram-negative organisms in soil treated with CP, this dominance decreasing with time, whereas MB treatment did not result in any detectable change. Fluorescent pseudomonads from rhizospheres of wheat plants in soil fumigated with CP contained smaller proportions of strains antagonistic in vitro to Gaeumannomyces graminis var. tritici than isolates from MB-treated soil or from untreated soil.
This paper references



This paper is referenced by
10.1016/0038-0717(93)90107-M
Soil microbial biomass estimated by fumigation-extraction and substrate-induced respiration in two pesticide-treated soils
T. Harden (1993)
10.1016/0038-0717(76)90056-0
The role of bacteria in the biological control of Gaeumannomyces graminis by suppressive soils
R. Cook (1976)
10.1016/0038-0717(87)90075-7
Soil respiration and the measurement of microbial biomass C by the fumigation technique in fresh and in air-dried soil
Shen Shan-min (1987)
10.1007/s11104-014-2192-8
Soil enzymes associated with carbon and nitrogen cycling in invaded and native secondary forests of northwestern Argentina
R. Aragón (2014)
10.1007/BF00263167
Effect of cultivation on microbial carbon and nitrogen in dry tropical forest soil
S. Srivastava (2004)
Agronomic practices for cassava production: a literature review.
C. B. Atlee (1980)
10.1007/s00792-014-0653-x
Bacterial colonization of a fumigated alkaline saline soil
J. Bello-López (2014)
10.1016/S0038-0717(96)00157-5
Growth of the bacterial wilt pathogen Pseudomonas solanacearum introduced into soil colonized by individual soil bacteria
K. Toyota (1996)
Effects of soil fumigants on methanotrophic activity
K. Spokasa (2007)
10.1016/S0038-0717(02)00256-0
Modelling variability in N2O emissions from fertilized agricultural fields
R. Grant (2003)
10.1007/s00374-020-01437-0
Soil biochemical properties and bacteria community in a repeatedly fumigated-incubated soil
X. Zhou (2020)
10.1111/J.1469-8137.1986.TB00657.X
Vesicular-arbuscular mycorrhiza in field-grown crops. III: Mycorrhizal infection and rates of phosphorus inflow in pea plants
I. Jakobsen (1986)
10.1016/0038-0717(93)90046-E
Simulation of carbon and nitrogen transformations in soil: mineralization.
R. Grant (1993)
10.1016/S0038-0717(99)00128-5
Manipulation of soil microbial community structure in bog and forest soils using chloroform fumigation
H. Dickens (1999)
10.1016/0038-0717(88)90067-3
Uptake by maize (Zea mays L.) of nitrogen from 15N-labelled dazomet, 15N-labelled fertilizer and from the soil microbial biomass
M. Chabrol (1988)
10.1007/s13593-011-0055-8
Aerobic rice for water-saving agriculture. A review
L. Nie (2011)
10.1016/J.FCR.2012.08.011
Root-lesion nematode (Pratylenchus thornei) reduces nutrient response, biomass and yield of wheat in sorghum–fallow–wheat cropping systems in a subtropical environment
J. Thompson (2012)
SOIL SOLARIZATION: A MANAGEMENT PRACTICE FOR MYCOTOXINS IN CORN
Y. Ahmad (2007)
10.2134/JEQ2001.3041278X
Degradation of soil fumigants as affected by initial concentration and temperature.
Q. L. Ma (2001)
10.1002/PS.2780250307
The degradation of methyl bromide in some natural fresh waters. influence of temperature, pH and light
I. Gentile (1989)
10.1016/0261-2194(89)90079-3
Progress in research on the control of take-all in cereals with fungicides: a review
G. Bateman (1989)
10.1016/0038-0717(78)90092-5
Antagonists of Gaeumannomyces graminis from the rhizoplane of wheat in soils fertilized with ammonium- or nitrate-nitrogen
R. Smiley (1978)
10.1007/s00248-007-9276-4
Comparison of Soil Bacterial Communities Under Diverse Agricultural Land Management and Crop Production Practices
T. Wu (2007)
10.1080/00380768.2003.10410050
Properties and metabolic diversity of microbial communities in soils treated with steam sterilization compared with methyl bromide and chloropicrin fumigations
Sota Tanaka (2003)
10.1016/0038-0717(84)90107-X
Microbial biomass in soil: Effects of some experimental variables on biochemical estimations
D. Ross (1984)
10.2307/3544373
Fluorescein diacetate as a stain of metabolically active bacteria in soil
B. Lundgren (1981)
10.1007/BF02214554
Factors affecting the colonisation of a root system by fluorescent Pseudomonads: The effects of water, temperature and soil microflora
K. Davies (2005)
10.1016/0038-0717(84)90117-2
Determination of kC and kNin situ for calibration of the chloroform fumigation-incubation method
R.Paul Voroney (1984)
10.1007/BF00446976
Relationships between rhizoplane and rhizosphere bacteria and verticillium wilt resistance in potato
H. Azad (2004)
10.1016/J.APSOIL.2005.03.006
Mechanisms of N2O production following chloropicrin fumigation
K. Spokas (2006)
10.1016/S0038-0717(99)00122-4
Comparison of substrate induced respiration, selective inhibition and biovolume measurements of microbial biomass and its community structure in unamended, ryegrass-amended, fumigated and pesticide-treated soils
Q. Lin (1999)
10.1017/S0889189300002927
Crop rotation efficiencies and biological diversity in farming systems
D. Bezdicek (1989)
See more
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar