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Two-component Bénard Convection: Interfacial Deformation, Oscillatory Instabilities And The Onset Of Turbulence
Published 1983 · Materials Science
Abstract Instabilities and convection in binary fluid mixtures (liquids with impurities, binary gas mixtures, etc.) have been the subject of intense research over the past decade. The major finding has been that mere ppm impurity concentration can play a drastic role in the stability of fluid layers subjected to thermal gradients. For layers open to ambient air the impurity cooperates or competes according to the sign of its migration in the thermal fields with the interfacial deformation thus leading to convective flows. For a layer enclosed between copper plates, say, the impurity can interplay with the slightest buoyancy or buoyancy variations in the environment thus amplifying this force and bringing instability under circumstances where with pure fluids no instability is expected. Recent predictions reported here refer to oscillatory instabilities with or without interfacial deformation and the onset of turbulence in the form of chaotic flows which correspond to irregular patterns with decaying correlations and broadband noise in their power spectra.