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Conformational Studies Of The (+)-trans, (-)-trans, (+)-cis, And (-)-cis Adducts Of Anti-benzo[a]pyrene Diolepoxide To N2-dG In Duplex Oligonucleotides Using Polyacrylamide Gel Electrophoresis And Low-temperature Fluorescence Spectroscopy.

M. Suh, F. Ariese, G. Small, R. Jankowiak, T. Liu, N. Geacintov
Published 1995 · Chemistry, Medicine

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Using polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis (PAGE) and low-temperature, laser-induced fluorescence line narrowing (FLN) and non-line narrowing (NLN) spectroscopic methods, the conformational characteristics of stereochemically defined and site-specific adducts derived from the binding of 7 beta,8 alpha-dihydroxy-9 alpha,10 alpha-epoxy-7,8,9,10- tetrahydrobenzo[a]pyrene (anti-BPDE, a metabolite of the environmental carcinogen benzo[a]pyrene), to DNA were studied. The focus of these studies was on the four stereochemically distinct anti-BPDE modified duplexes 5'-d(CCATCGCTACC).(GGTAGCGATGG), where G denotes the lesion site derived from trans or cis addition of the exocyclic amino group of guanine to the C10 position of either (+) or (-)-anti-BPDE. PAGE experiments under non-denaturing conditions showed that the (+)-trans adduct causes a significantly greater retardation in the electrophoretic mobility than the other three adducts, probably the result of important adduct-induced distortions of the duplex structure. Low-temperature fluorescence studies in frozen aqueous buffer matrices showed that the (+)-trans adduct adopts primarily an external conformation with only minor interactions with the helix, but a smaller fraction (approximately 25%) appears to exists in a partially base-stacked conformation. The (-)-trans adduct exists almost exclusively (approximately 97%) in an external conformation. Both cis adducts were found to be intercalated; strong electron-phonon coupling observed in their FLN spectra provided additional evidence for significant pi-pi stacking interactions between the pyrenyl residues and the bases. FLN spectroscopy is shown to be suitable for distinguishing between trans and cis adducts, but lesions with either (+)- or (-)-trans, or (+)- or (-)-cis stereochemical characteristics showed very similar vibrational patterns.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
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