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Gene Probe Assays On A Fibre-optic Evanescent Wave Biosensor.

C. R. Graham, D. Leslie, D. Squirrell
Published 1992 · Chemistry, Medicine

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This report describes experiments to detect oligonucleotide hybridization at the surface of a fibre-optic evanescent wave biosensor. Conditions were optimized and the time course of hybridization reactions were found to be very rapid compared to conventional hybridization assays. Binding was easily reversed by heating and the sensor surface could be reused many times. Short (16- and 20-mer) oligonucleotides bound to the waveguide surface could be used to detect fluorescein-labelled complementary sequences at the nanomolar level. Polymerase chain reaction was used to generate a 204-base oligomer that was attached to the waveguide surface. Fluorescein-labelled oligos bound at either the proximal or distal ends of this probe were found to give similar outputs.
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