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Plastic Deformation Of Glassy Polymers: Constitutive Equations And Macromolecular Mechanisms

C. G'sell
Published 1986 · Materials Science

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Specific features of the deformation behaviour of amorphous polymers are reviewed, with particular reference to the current literature on glassy polycarbonate. A preliminary section is devoted to the structure and to the viscoelastic properties of disordered macromolecules at different temperatures. New experimental results on the plastic shear of polycarbonate below Tg are then presented, which show the great influence of thermo-mechanical history (including plastic cycling and annealing) on the deformation mode of polymeric glasses. The above effects are discussed on the basis of a model according to which plastic deformation would be controlled by the movement of linear defects similar to shear dislocations in the amorphous structure. The critical steps of this mechanism would be i) the multiplication of these defects in discrete shear bands during the transient deformation stage and ii) the elementary conformational changes of polymer chains at the core of a moving defect against the interaction of the surrounding molecules and the hardening effect of the gradual orientation of the chains.
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