Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.

Genetic And Hormonal Regulation Of Maize Inflorescence Development

B. E. Thompson
Published 2014 · Biology

Cite This
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Share
Abstract Plant development is determined by the activity of meristems, pools of undifferentiated cells that generate organs throughout the life of the plant. Inflorescence morphology is determined by the position and activity of meristems that form during reproductive development. Grass inflorescences are complex, highly branched structures that initiate higher order meristems before the floral meristems, which ultimately produce the floral organs. Maize produces two inflorescences: the tassel is formed at the apex of the plant and bears male flowers and the ear is formed in the axil of a leaf and bears female flowers. Despite their distinct morphologies at maturity, the tassel and ear arise from strikingly similar inflorescence primordia and their patterning depends largely on the same set of developmental regulators. Many of these developmental regulators have been identified through mutant analysis and cloning efforts, and include multiple transcription factors, microRNAs and plant hormones. This chapter focuses on the molecular mechanisms that regulate the maintenance, identity, and activity of meristems in maize inflorescences, as well as floral development and sex determination.
This paper references
10.1126/science.1151461
TOPLESS Mediates Auxin-Dependent Transcriptional Repression During Arabidopsis Embryogenesis
Heidi Szemenyei (2008)
Molecular and morphological evolution in the Andropogoneae.
E. Kellogg (2000)
The Linkage Relations between the Factors for Tunicate Ear and Starchy-Sugary Endosperm in Maize.
William H. Eyster
10.1038/379066a0
A member of the KNOTTED class of homeodomain proteins encoded by the STM gene of Arabidopsis
Long Ja (1996)
10.1016/S1097-2765(00)80450-5
Molecular and genetic analyses of the silky1 gene reveal conservation in floral organ specification between eudicots and monocots.
B. Ambrose (2000)
10.1038/nature03542
The Arabidopsis F-box protein TIR1 is an auxin receptor
S. Kepinski (2005)
10.1105/tpc.9.11.1963
Aux/IAA proteins repress expression of reporter genes containing natural and highly active synthetic auxin response elements.
T. Ulmasov (1997)
10.1105/tpc.109.068221
The Maize Transcription Factor KNOTTED1 Directly Regulates the Gibberellin Catabolism Gene ga2ox1[W][OA]
N. Bolduc (2009)
10.1038/nrg3605
Evolution of crop species: genetics of domestication and diversification
R. Meyer (2013)
10.1105/tpc.9.1.37
Photo and hormonal control of meristem identity in the Arabidopsis flower mutants apetala2 and apetala1.
J. Okamuro (1997)
10.1016/S0092-8674(00)80239-1
The CLAVATA1Gene Encodes a Putative Receptor Kinase That Controls Shoot and Floral Meristem Size in Arabidopsis
S. E. Clark (1997)
10.1046/j.1365-313X.1995.8060845.x
A characterization of the MADS-box gene family in maize.
M. Mena (1995)
10.1038/nature05731
Mechanism of auxin perception by the TIR1 ubiquitin ligase
X. Tan (2007)
10.1105/tpc.110.075267
vanishing tassel2 Encodes a Grass-Specific Tryptophan Aminotransferase Required for Vegetative and Reproductive Development in Maize[C][W][OA]
K. A. Phillips (2011)
10.1002/j.1537-2197.1983.tb06411.x
Organ initiation and the development of unisexual flowers in the tassel and ear of zea mays
P. Cheng (1983)
10.1016/j.cell.2008.01.049
Rapid Synthesis of Auxin via a New Tryptophan-Dependent Pathway Is Required for Shade Avoidance in Plants
Yi Tao (2008)
10.1534/genetics.105.048595
Pleiotropic Effects of the Duplicate Maize FLORICAULA/LEAFY Genes zfl1 and zfl2 on Traits Under Selection During Maize Domestication
K. Bomblies (2006)
10.1146/annurev.pp.11.060160.002211
Gibberellins as Native Plant Growth Regulators
C. A. West (1960)
10.1093/pcp/pcp006
BARREN INFLORESCENCE2 interaction with ZmPIN1a suggests a role in auxin transport during maize inflorescence development.
Andrea L. Skirpan (2009)
10.1046/J.1365-313X.1997.12050999.X
Specific interactions between the K domains of AG and AGLs, members of the MADS domain family of DNA binding proteins.
H. Y. Fan (1997)
10.1007/s004270050271
Expression of MADS box genes ZMM8 and ZMM14 during inflorescence development of Zea mays discriminates between the upper and the lower floret of each spikelet
J. Cacharrón (1999)
10.1073/pnas.1108359108
Brassinosteroid control of sex determination in maize
T. Hartwig (2011)
10.1371/journal.pgen.1003604
From Many, One: Genetic Control of Prolificacy during Maize Domestication
D. M. Wills (2013)
10.1038/353031a0
The war of the whorls: genetic interactions controlling flower development
E. Coen (1991)
10.1242/dev.085407
APETALA2 negatively regulates multiple floral organ identity genes in Arabidopsis by recruiting the co-repressor TOPLESS and the histone deacetylase HDA19
N. Krogan (2012)
10.1093/emboj/18.19.5370
Ternary complex formation between the MADS‐box proteins SQUAMOSA, DEFICIENS and GLOBOSA is involved in the control of floral architecture in Antirrhinum majus
M. Egea-Cortines (1999)
10.1111/J.1365-313X.2006.02686.X
The Arabidopsis FLC protein interacts directly in vivo with SOC1 and FT chromatin and is part of a high-molecular-weight protein complex.
C. Helliwell (2006)
10.1007/s00018-006-6116-5
Spatiotemporal asymmetric auxin distribution: a means to coordinate plant development
H. Tanaka (2006)
10.1038/nature03863
The origin of the naked grains of maize
H. Wang (2005)
Redundant regulation of meristem identity and plant architecture by FRUITFULL, APETALA1 and CAULIFLOWER.
C. Ferrándiz (2000)
10.1101/gad.193433.112
Unraveling the KNOTTED1 regulatory network in maize meristems.
N. Bolduc (2012)
Control of flower development in Arabidopsis thaliana by APETALA1 and interacting genes
J. Bowman (1993)
10.1038/346035a0
The protein encoded by the Arabidopsis homeotic gene agamous resembles transcription factors
M. Yanofsky (1990)
10.1126/SCIENCE.1100618
A PINOID-Dependent Binary Switch in Apical-Basal PIN Polar Targeting Directs Auxin Efflux
J. Friml (2004)
10.1093/JXB/ERH024
BRing it on: new insights into the mechanism of brassinosteroid action.
J. Nemhauser (2004)
10.1038/ng2001
The heterochronic maize mutant Corngrass1 results from overexpression of a tandem microRNA
G. Chuck (2007)
10.1104/pp.113.228791
Unequal Redundancy in Maize knotted1 homeobox Genes1[C][W][OPEN]
N. Bolduc (2013)
Leaf polarity and meristem formation in Arabidopsis.
J. R. McConnell (1998)
Expression of maize KNOTTED1 related homeobox genes in the shoot apical meristem predicts patterns of morphogenesis in the vegetative shoot
D. Jackson (1994)
10.1105/tpc.3.7.677
Requirement of the Auxin Polar Transport System in Early Stages of Arabidopsis Floral Bud Formation.
K. Okada (1991)
10.1046/j.1365-313X.1995.8040505.x
Morphogenesis in pinoid mutants of Arabidopsis thaliana
Sally R. M. Bennett (1995)
10.1007/s11240-010-9848-8
Whole-genome survey and characterization of MADS-box gene family in maize and sorghum
Y. Zhao (2010)
10.1104/pp.108.129619
Translational Biology: From Arabidopsis Flowers to Grass Inflorescence Architecture
Beth E Thompson (2009)
Genetics of dominant gibberellin-insensitive dwarfism in maize.
N. Harberd (1989)
10.1105/tpc.104.027920
The Arabidopsis GAMYB-Like Genes, MYB33 and MYB65, Are MicroRNA-Regulated Genes That Redundantly Facilitate Anther Development
A. Millar (2005)
10.1105/tpc.109.068742
MOSAIC FLORAL ORGANS1, an AGL6-Like MADS Box Gene, Regulates Floral Organ Identity and Meristem Fate in Rice[W]
Shinnosuke Ohmori (2009)
10.1105/tpc.105.039032
ramosa2 Encodes a LATERAL ORGAN BOUNDARY Domain Protein That Determines the Fate of Stem Cells in Branch Meristems of Maize[W]
E. Bortiri (2006)
10.1038/nature12583
The maize Gα gene COMPACT PLANT2 functions in CLAVATA signalling to control shoot meristem size
P. Bommert (2013)
10.1242/dev.051748
The control of axillary meristem fate in the maize ramosa pathway
A. Gallavotti (2010)
10.3389/fpls.2012.00016
The Maize PIN Gene Family of Auxin Transporters
C. Forestan (2012)
The indeterminate floral apex1 gene regulates meristem determinacy and identity in the maize inflorescence.
D. Laudencia-Chingcuanco (2002)
The PINOID protein kinase regulates organ development in Arabidopsis by enhancing polar auxin transport.
R. Benjamins (2001)
10.1242/dev.048199
RPK2 is an essential receptor-like kinase that transmits the CLV3 signal in Arabidopsis
Atsuko Kinoshita (2010)
10.1242/dev.030353
Auxin transport routes in plant development
J. Petrášek (2009)
10.1105/tpc.13.5.1063
Mitochondrial Aldehyde Dehydrogenase Activity Is Required for Male Fertility in Maize
F. Liu (2001)
10.1242/dev.00336
Combinatorial control of meristem identity in maize inflorescences
Nicholas J. Kaplinsky (2003)
10.1007/978-1-4614-9408-9_3
Grass flower development.
H. Hirano (2014)
10.1093/OXFORDJOURNALS.MOLBEV.A026136
Phylogenetic relationships and evolution of the KNOTTED class of plant homeodomain proteins.
G. Bharathan (1999)
10.1242/dev.030049
KNOX genes: versatile regulators of plant development and diversity
A. Hay (2010)
10.1104/pp.108.121541
The Relationship between Auxin Transport and Maize Branching1[C][W][OA]
Andrea Gallavotti (2008)
10.1104/PP.127.1.33
The maize MADS box gene ZmMADS3 affects node number and spikelet development and is co-expressed with ZmMADS1 during flower development, in egg cells, and early embryogenesis.
S. Heuer (2001)
Maize MADS-Box Genes Galore
T. Münster (2002)
10.1016/j.phytochem.2010.10.018
Redirection of tryptophan metabolism in tobacco by ectopic expression of an Arabidopsis indolic glucosinolate biosynthetic gene.
Heather M Nonhebel (2011)
Genetic Interrelations of Two Andromonoecious Types of Maize, Dwarf and Anther Ear.
R. A. Emerson (2003)
10.1038/360273a0
Molecular characterization of the Arabidopsis floral homeotic gene APETALA1
M. A. Mandel (1992)
10.1016/j.semcdb.2009.10.004
The 'ABC' of MADS domain protein behaviour and interactions.
Richard G.H. Immink (2010)
10.1016/J.PBI.2006.11.009
Floral displays: genetic control of grass inflorescences.
E. Kellogg (2007)
Shoot meristem size is dependent on inbred background and presence of the maize homeobox gene, knotted1.
E. Vollbrecht (2000)
Loss-of-function mutations in the maize homeobox gene, knotted1, are defective in shoot meristem maintenance.
R. Kerstetter (1997)
10.1126/science.7824951
Molecular basis of the cauliflower phenotype in Arabidopsis
S. Kempin (1995)
10.1038/ng1784
A distant upstream enhancer at the maize domestication gene tb1 has pleiotropic effects on plant and inflorescent architecture
R. Clark (2006)
10.1073/pnas.42.4.185
GROWTH RESPONSE OF SINGLE-GENE DWARF MUTANTS IN MAIZE TO GIBBERELLIC ACID.
B. Phinney (1956)
10.1111/j.1365-313X.2008.03546.x
Genetic and physical interaction suggest that BARREN STALK 1 is a target of BARREN INFLORESCENCE2 in maize inflorescence development.
A. Skirpan (2008)
10.1093/oxfordjournals.jhered.a102629
HERITABLE CHARACTERS OF MAIZE
D. F. Jones
10.1093/pcp/pcn148
The Receptor-Like Kinase SOL2 Mediates CLE Signaling in Arabidopsis
H. Miwa (2008)
10.1105/tpc.109.073536
A Conserved Mechanism of Bract Suppression in the Grass Family[W][OA]
C. Whipple (2010)
10.1016/j.cell.2008.01.047
TAA1-Mediated Auxin Biosynthesis Is Essential for Hormone Crosstalk and Plant Development
A. Stepanova (2008)
10.1016/0092-8674(92)90295-N
LEAFY controls floral meristem identity in Arabidopsis
D. Weigel (1992)
10.1073/PNAS.94.25.13749
Did homeodomain proteins duplicate before the origin of angiosperms, fungi, and metazoa?
G. Bharathan (1997)
10.1038/nature03892
Architecture of floral branch systems in maize and related grasses
E. Vollbrecht (2005)
10.1242/dev.048348
The maize SBP-box transcription factor encoded by tasselsheath4 regulates bract development and the establishment of meristem boundaries
G. Chuck (2010)
10.1007/s00497-011-0175-y
Molecular aspects of flower development in grasses
M. Ciaffi (2011)
10.1242/dev.01523
Conservation of B-class floral homeotic gene function between maize and Arabidopsis
C. Whipple (2004)
10.1038/22307
‘Green revolution’ genes encode mutant gibberellin response modulators
J. Peng (1999)
10.1104/pp.110.165803
Reassessing the Role of N-Hydroxytryptamine in Auxin Biosynthesis1[W][OA]
N. Tivendale (2010)
10.1023/A:1006384122567
Knots in the family tree: evolutionary relationships and functions of knox homeobox genes
L. Reiser (2004)
10.1126/science.1164645
tasselseed1 Is a Lipoxygenase Affecting Jasmonic Acid Signaling in Sex Determination of Maize
Ivan F Acosta (2009)
10.1093/jxb/ers233
MADS-box genes and floral development: the dark side.
K. Heijmans (2012)
Hudson et al.
E. Anderson (1977)
10.1126/SCIENCE.283.5409.1911
Signaling of cell fate decisions by CLAVATA3 in Arabidopsis shoot meristems.
J. C. Fletcher (1999)
10.1016/0092-8674(93)90522-R
Sex determination gene TASSELSEED2 of maize encodes a short-chain alcohol dehydrogenase required for stage-specific floral organ abortion
Allson DeLong (1993)
10.1038/nature03543
The F-box protein TIR1 is an auxin receptor
N. Dharmasiri (2005)
10.1007/s11033-010-0058-6
Genome-wide analysis of primary auxin-responsive Aux/IAA gene family in maize (Zea mays. L.)
Yijun Wang (2010)
10.1002/dvg.1020150208
Action of the Tunicate locus on maize floral development
J. Langdale (1994)
10.2307/2394566
Sustained Treatment with Gibberellic Acid of Five Different Kinds of Maize
N. Nickerson (1959)
10.1101/GAD.208501
The fasciated ear2 gene encodes a leucine-rich repeat receptor-like protein that regulates shoot meristem proliferation in maize.
F. Taguchi-Shiobara (2001)
10.1073/pnas.1111670109
Molecular genetic basis of pod corn (Tunicate maize)
L. Wingen (2012)
10.1242/dev.02602
Arabidopsis microRNA167 controls patterns of ARF6 and ARF8 expression, and regulates both female and male reproduction
M. Wu (2006)
10.3732/ajb.94.11.1745
The role of auxin transport during inflorescence development in maize (Zea mays, Poaceae).
Xianting Wu (2007)
10.1038/nrg1675
Molecular mechanisms of flower development: an armchair guide
B. Krizek (2005)
10.1038/ng.2007.20
The maize tasselseed4 microRNA controls sex determination and meristem cell fate by targeting Tasselseed6/indeterminate spikelet1
G. Chuck (2007)
10.1038/nature03148
The role of barren stalk1 in the architecture of maize
A. Gallavotti (2004)
10.1002/j.1537-2197.1964.tb06626.x
CHARACTERIZATION OF DEVELOPMENT IN MAIZE THROUGH THE USE OF MUTANTS. I. THE POLYTYPIC (Pt) AND RAMOSA‐1 (ra1) MUTANTS
S. Postlethwait (1964)
10.1016/S1369-5266(00)00139-4
Development of floral organ identity: stories from the MADS house.
G. Theißen (2001)
10.1105/tpc.111.090050
Positive Autoregulation of a KNOX Gene Is Essential for Shoot Apical Meristem Maintenance in Rice[W][OA]
Katsutoshi Tsuda (2011)
10.1086/509662
An Evaluation of A‐Function: Evidence from the APETALA1 and APETALA2 Gene Lineages
A. Litt (2007)
10.1007/s11033-011-0991-z
Diversification, phylogeny and evolution of auxin response factor (ARF) family: insights gained from analyzing maize ARF genes
Yijun Wang (2011)
10.1104/pp.109.138859
The TRANSPORT INHIBITOR RESPONSE2 Gene Is Required for Auxin Synthesis and Diverse Aspects of Plant Development1[C][W][OA]
M. Yamada (2009)
10.1126/science.1123841
TOPLESS Regulates Apical Embryonic Fate in Arabidopsis
J. Long (2006)
10.1073/pnas.0805596105
sparse inflorescence1 encodes a monocot-specific YUCCA-like gene required for vegetative and reproductive development in maize
A. Gallavotti (2008)
10.1038/nature04725
A trehalose metabolic enzyme controls inflorescence architecture in maize
Namiko Satoh-Nagasawa (2006)
10.1105/tpc.6.9.1211
Control of Arabidopsis flower and seed development by the homeotic gene APETALA2.
K. D. Jofuku (1994)
Cell death and cell protection genes determine the fate of pistils in maize.
A. Calderón-Urrea (1999)
10.1016/S0092-8674(00)80700-X
The Stem Cell Population of Arabidopsis Shoot Meristems Is Maintained by a Regulatory Loop between the CLAVATA and WUSCHEL Genes
H. Schoof (2000)
10.1146/annurev-genet-102108-134148
Mechanism of auxin-regulated gene expression in plants.
E. J. Chapman (2009)
10.1101/GAD.12.8.1145
The control of maize spikelet meristem fate by the APETALA2-like gene indeterminate spikelet1.
G. Chuck (1998)
10.1002/dvg.1020150206
Interactions between tassel seed genes and other sex determining genes in maize
E. Irish (1994)
10.1101/GAD.1415106
Auxin biosynthesis by the YUCCA flavin monooxygenases controls the formation of floral organs and vascular tissues in Arabidopsis.
Y. Cheng (2006)
10.1101/gr.166397.113
Regulatory modules controlling maize inflorescence architecture.
Andrea L. Eveland (2014)
10.1126/SCIENCE.282.5397.2226
Regulation of polar auxin transport by AtPIN1 in Arabidopsis vascular tissue.
L. Gälweiler (1998)
10.1186/1471-2164-12-178
Genome-wide identification and expression profiling of auxin response factor (ARF) gene family in maize
Hongyan Xing (2011)
10.1126/science.274.5292.1537
Diversification of C-Function Activity in Maize Flower Development
M. Mena (1996)
10.1016/j.cell.2007.07.033
Antagonistic Regulation of PIN Phosphorylation by PP2A and PINOID Directs Auxin Flux
M. Michniewicz (2007)
10.1105/tpc.001461
Brassinosteroids and Plant Steroid Hormone Signaling Article, publication date, and citation information can be found at www.plantcell.org/cgi/doi/10.1105/tpc.001461.
G. Bishop (2002)
10.1105/tpc.112.100537
Pod Corn Is Caused by Rearrangement at the Tunicate1 Locus[W][OA]
Jong-Jin Han (2012)
10.1016/S0092-8674(00)81703-1
Role of WUSCHEL in Regulating Stem Cell Fate in the Arabidopsis Shoot Meristem
K. Mayer (1998)
10.1016/0092-8674(92)90144-2
The homeotic gene APETALA3 of Arabidopsis thaliana encodes a MADS box and is expressed in petals and stamens
T. Jack (1992)
10.1105/tpc.7.1.75
Cloning and characterization of the maize An1 gene.
R. Bensen (1995)
10.1105/tpc.107.057547
The Receptor Kinase CORYNE of Arabidopsis Transmits the Stem Cell–Limiting Signal CLAVATA3 Independently of CLAVATA1[W]
R. Mueller (2008)
10.1104/pp.108.125005
suppressor of sessile spikelets1 Functions in the ramosa Pathway Controlling Meristem Determinacy in Maize1[C][W][OA]
Xianting Wu (2008)
10.1105/tpc.105.035972
PINOID Positively Regulates Auxin Efflux in Arabidopsis Root Hair Cells and Tobacco Cells[W]
S. Lee (2006)
10.3732/ajb.89.2.203
The maize mutant barren stalk1 is defective in axillary meristem development.
Matthew K. Ritter (2002)
10.1038/35054083
Complexes of MADS-box proteins are sufficient to convert leaves into floral organs
T. Honma (2001)
10.1105/tpc.4.8.901
LEAFY Interacts with Floral Homeotic Genes to Regulate Arabidopsis Floral Development.
E. Huala (1992)
10.1038/35104500
Auxin regulates SCFTIR1-dependent degradation of AUX/IAA proteins
William M. Gray (2001)
10.1105/tpc.109.067751
bearded-ear Encodes a MADS Box Transcription Factor Critical for Maize Floral Development[W][OA]
Beth E Thompson (2009)
10.1093/pcp/pcq157
Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Regulated by the CLAVATA Receptors Contributes to Shoot Apical Meristem Homeostasis
S. Betsuyaku (2011)
10.1073/pnas.1215010110
Transcriptional corepressor TOPLESS complexes with pseudoresponse regulator proteins and histone deacetylases to regulate circadian transcription
L. Wang (2012)
10.1038/ng.2534
Quantitative variation in maize kernel row number is controlled by the FASCIATED EAR2 locus
Peter Bommert (2013)
10.1126/SCIENCE.1076920
The Control of Spikelet Meristem Identity by the branched silkless1 Gene in Maize
G. Chuck (2002)
10.1104/pp.107.098558
barren inflorescence2 Encodes a Co-Ortholog of the PINOID Serine/Threonine Kinase and Is Required for Organogenesis during Inflorescence and Vegetative Development in Maize1[C][W][OA]
P. McSteen (2007)
10.1105/tpc.111.094151
Disruption of OPR7 and OPR8 Reveals the Versatile Functions of Jasmonic Acid in Maize Development and Defense[W]
Y. Yan (2012)
10.1105/tpc.3.5.445
Phenotypic and Genetic Analysis of det2, a New Mutant That Affects Light-Regulated Seedling Development in Arabidopsis.
J. Chory (1991)
10.1105/tpc.105.037200
Functional Diversification of the Two C-Class MADS Box Genes OSMADS3 and OSMADS58 in Oryza sativa[W][OA]
T. Yamaguchi (2005)
10.1101/gad.8.13.1548
Function and regulation of the Arabidopsis floral homeotic gene PISTILLATA.
Kaori Goto (1994)
10.1038/35056041
Function and evolution of the plant MADS-box gene family
Medard Ng (2001)
10.1242/dev.024273
Floral meristem initiation and meristem cell fate are regulated by the maize AP2 genes ids1 and sid1
G. Chuck (2008)



This paper is referenced by
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar