Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
← Back to Search

Degradation Of Acyl Lipids: Hydrolytic And Oxidative Enzymes

T. Galliard
Published 1980 · Chemistry

Cite This
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Share
Publisher Summary The term lipase is used to describe any enzyme activity causing the hydrolysis of lipids and long-chain acyl esters. A lipid biochemist is well aware of the high activities of lipolytic enzymes in many plants. The extraction and analysis of lipids, or of lipid-dependent membrane and enzyme preparations, are frequently severely affected by the presence of endogenous lipolytic activity. Methods for lipid extractions with plant materials have been developed to take account of potential degradation—normally by inactivating the relevant enzymes before extracting the lipids. Unwitting use of methods developed in mammalian biochemistry gives rise to artifacts and errors, and the problem is confounded by the fact that some lipolytic enzymes are activated by the organic solvents used in lipid extractions. Lipolytic enzymes are considered hydrolases using water as a co-substrate. However, most hydrolases act also as transferases when the cosubstrate is ROH.
This paper references
10.1002/LIPI.19730750701
Über die Aktivität der Phospholipase B der Gerste im Verlaufe der Entwicklung des Kornes
H. Rebmann (1973)
10.1016/0014-5793(75)80746-0
Rapid release of free fatty acids during cell breakage and their effects on a sugar—proton cotransport system in Chlorella vulgaris
M. Decker (1975)
10.1016/0014-5793(70)80378-7
Localisation de l'activite phospholipasique dans les tissus vegetaux
H. Clermont (1970)
10.1016/S0031-9422(00)89224-9
Catabolism of sulphoquinovosyl diacylglycerol by an enzyme preparation from Phaseolus multiflorus
D. D. Burns (1977)
10.1007/BF00390331
The effect of carnitine on the oxidation of saturated fatty acids by pea cotyledon mitochondria
D. Thomas (2004)
10.1271/BBB1961.42.599
Chemical Properties of Major Subunit of Rice Bran Lipase
Y. Fujiki (1978)
10.1104/PP.57.2.148
Purification and characterization of an a type phospholipase from potato and its effect on potato mitochondria.
E. P. Hasson (1976)
10.1104/PP.43.8.1249
Stimulation of photoreactions of isolated chloroplasts by serum albumin.
M. Friedlander (1968)
10.1104/PP.57.5.724
Role of Galactolipids in Spinach Chloroplast Lamellar Membranes: II. Effects of Galactolipid Depletion on Phosphorylation and Electron Flow.
A. Shaw (1976)
10.1271/BBB1961.40.317
Purification and Characterization, of Rice Bran Lipase II
Y. Aizono (1976)
10.1104/PP.44.4.508
Fat Metabolism in Higher Plants. XXXVII. Characterization of the beta-Oxidation Systems From Maturing and Germinating Castor Bean Seeds.
D. Hutton (1969)
10.1042/BJ1020205
The formation of phosphatidylglycerol and other phospholipids by the transferase activity of phospholipase D.
R. Dawson (1967)
10.1042/BJ1210371
Chromatographic separation of mononucleotides derived from transfer ribonucleic acids.
N. J. Holness (1971)
10.1016/0003-9861(74)90113-1
Fat metabolism in higher plants. Recent studies on plant α-oxidation systems
W. Shine (1974)
10.1104/PP.57.4.556
Involvement of phospholipids in triglyceride biosynthesis by developing soybean cotyledons.
R. Wilson (1976)
10.1111/J.1432-1033.1973.TB02592.X
The oleyl-coenzyme-A desaturase of potato tubers. Enzymatic properties, intracellular localization and induction during "aging" of tuber slices.
A. Abdelkader (1973)
10.1007/BF00388637
Development and intracellular localization of lipase activity in rapessed (Brassica napus L.) cotyledons
R. R. Theimer (2004)
10.1139/O73-093
Enzymatic formation of cardiolipin from phosphatidylglycerol by the transphosphatidylation mechanism catalyzed by phospholipase D.
N. Stanacev (1973)
10.1016/S0044-328X(78)80278-5
Demonstration of an Acyltransferase Activity in Chloroplast Envelopes
E. Heinz (1978)
10.1021/BI00897A016
HYDROLYSIS OF MONOGALACTOSYL AND DIGALACTOSYL DIGLYCERIDES BY SPECIFIC ENZYMES IN RUNNER-BEAN LEAVES.
P. S. Sastry (1964)
10.1104/PP.57.2.142
Separation and characterization of potato lipid acylhydrolases.
E. P. Hasson (1976)
10.1042/BJ1480139
The breakdown of lipid reserves in the endosperm of germinating castor beans.
K. M. Marriott (1975)
10.1139/O56-103
Hydrolysis of glycerolphosphatides by plastid phosphatidase C.
M. Kates (1956)
10.1104/PP.54.1.23
Lipase Activities in Castor Bean Endosperm during Germination.
S. Muto (1974)
10.1007/BF02637730
Characterization of some new C16 and C17 unsaturated fatty aldehydes
T. Kemp (1975)
Fat metabolism in higher plants. XII. alpha-Oxidation of long chain fatty acids.
Martin Ro (1959)
10.1016/0005-2760(76)90046-1
The enzymic formation of long chain aldehydes and alcohols by alpha-oxidation of fatty acids in extracts of cucumber fruit (Cucumis sativus).
T. Galliard (1976)
10.1111/J.1432-1033.1971.TB01444.X
Enzymic deacylation of lipids in plants. The effects of free fatty acids on the hydrolysis of phospholipids by the lipolytic acyl hydrolase of potato tubers.
T. Galliard (1971)
10.1002/9780470110423.CH4
Determination of the activity of phospholipases A, C, and D.
S. Grossman (1974)
10.1111/J.1432-1033.1973.TB03018.X
Membranes of Glyoxysomes from Castor‐Bean Endosperm
C. Bieglmayer (1973)
Activation of fatty acids in castor bean endosperm.
T. Cooper (1971)
10.1016/S0031-9422(00)88442-3
The induction of triglyceride metabolism in the germinating wheat grain
R. Tavener (1972)
米ぬかリパーゼに関する研究 IV 米ぬかリパーゼIIの分離精製とその特性
Y. Aizono (1976)
10.1104/PP.55.5.870
Comparative studies of glyoxysomes from various Fatty seedlings.
A. Huang (1975)
OXIDATION OF UNSATURATED FATTY ACIDS BY LEAF TISSUE.
C. Hitchcock (1964)
10.1016/S0031-9422(00)89829-5
α-Oxidation of endogenous fatty acids in fresh potato slices
G. G. Laties (1972)
Transphosphatidylation by phospholipase D.
S. Yang (1967)
10.1042/BST0051302
Catabolism of Sulpholipid by an Enzyme from the Leaves of Phaseolus multiflorus
D. D. Burns (1977)
10.1016/0005-2760(67)90162-2
Über die enzymatische bildung von acylgalaktosyldiglycerid
E. Heinz (1967)
10.1093/JXB/20.1.94
An Inhibitor of Mitochondrial Oxidations in Extracts Prepared from Senescing Leaves
M. S. Baddeley (1969)
10.1016/0005-2760(78)90086-3
Calcium-dependent lipolytic acyl-hydrolase activity in purified plant mitochondria.
R. Bligny (1978)
10.1016/0003-9861(71)90258-X
Fat metabolism in higher plants. LXII. The pathway of ricinoleic acid catabolism in the germinating castor bean (Ricinus communis L.) and pea (Pisum sativum L.).
D. Hutton (1971)
10.1104/PP.40.2.281
FRACTIONATION AND PROPERTIES OF AN EXTRA-MITOCHONDRIAL ENZYME SYSTEM FROM PEANUTS CATALYZING THE BETA-OXIDATION OF PALMITIC ACID.
C. Rebeiz (1965)
10.1515/BCHM2.1974.355.1.612
Acyl digalactosyl diglyceride from leaf homogenates.
E. Heinz (1974)
10.1104/PP.40.4.653
Fat metabolism in higher plants. XXIV. A soluble beta-oxidative system from germinating seeds of Ricinus communis.
M. Yamada (1965)
10.1016/S0031-9422(00)88918-9
Purification and physiological properties of two lipolytic enzymes of Solanum tuberosum
D. V. Shepard (1976)
10.1146/ANNUREV.PP.24.060173.001443
LIPID METABOLISM IN PLANTS
P. Mazliak (1973)
10.1016/0005-2744(75)90102-3
Purification and properties of a lipid acyl-hydrolase from potato tubers.
O. Hirayama (1975)
10.1016/0005-2744(71)90172-0
The acid lipase of castor beans. Positional specificity and reaction mechanism.
A. Noma (1971)
10.1042/BJ1210379
The enzymic deacylation of phospholipids and galactolipids in plants. Purification and properties of a lipolytic acyl-hydrolase from potato tubers.
T. Galliard (1971)
10.1104/PP.31.4.304
Fat Metabolism in Higher Plants. VII. beta-Oxidation of Fatty Acids by Peanut Mitochondria.
P. Stumpf (1956)
10.1007/BF00384916
Membranous appendices of spherosomes (oleosomes)
G. Wanner (2004)
10.1016/0005-2760(76)90262-9
Is phospholipase D really an enzyme? A comparison of in situ and in vitro activities.
P. Roughan (1976)
10.1104/PP.40.4.725
Chloroplast damage due to enzymatic hydrolysis of endogenous lipids.
R. Mccarty (1965)
The phosphorus-containing lipides of the carrot.
D. J. Hanahan (1947)
10.1042/BJ1120787
The distribution of phospholipase D in developing and mature plants.
R. Quarles (1969)
10.1016/0006-291X(75)90574-4
Steric analysis of glycerophospholipids by circular dichroism. Stereospecifity of phospholipase D catalyzed transesterification.
S. G. Batrakov (1975)
10.1016/0005-2760(77)90117-5
Rate equations and simulation curves for enzymatic reactions which utilize lipids as substrates. I. Interaction of enzymes with the monomers and micelles of soluble, amphiphilic lipids.
S. Gatt (1977)
10.1016/B978-0-12-024908-4.50012-X
Plant Phospholipids and Glycolipids
M. Kates (1970)
10.1042/BJ0210233
The Ether-soluble Substances of Cabbage Leaf Cytoplasm: Calcium Salts of Glyceridephosphoric Acids.
A. C. Chibnall (1927)
10.1104/PP.53.5.699
The role of galactolipids in spinach chloroplast lamellar membranes: I. Partial purification of a bean leaf galactolipid lipase and its action on subchloroplast particles.
A. Anderson (1974)
10.1016/0005-2744(69)90221-6
Purification and properties of galactolipase.
P. J. Helmsing (1969)
10.1016/S0031-9422(00)86921-6
Isoenzymes of lipolytic acyl hydrolase and esterase in potato tuber
T. Galliard (1974)
10.1042/BJ1020076
Some properties of purified phospholipase D and especially the effect of amphipathic substances.
R. Dawson (1967)
Mitochondria and glyoxysomes from castor bean endosperm. Enzyme constitutents and catalytic capacity.
T. Cooper (1969)
10.1016/S0031-9422(00)88917-7
Purification of a phospholipase from Botrytis and its effects on plant tissues
D. V. Shepard (1976)
10.1139/CJR39C-024
PHYSIOLOGICAL ACTIVITY OF A SERIES OF NAPHTHYL ACIDS
N. H. Grace (1939)
10.1042/BJ0870586
Free fatty acids in carrot-tissue preparations and their effect on isolated carrot mitochondria.
L. Dalgarno (1963)
10.1104/PP.59.6.1064
Accumulation of free ricinoleic Acid in germinating castor bean endosperm.
R. Donaldson (1977)
10.1016/0005-2760(74)90153-2
PHOSPHOLIPASE D FROM PEANUT SEEDS IV. FINAL PURIFICATION AND SOME PROPERTIES OF THE ENZYME
M. Heller (1974)



This paper is referenced by
10.1016/0168-9452(94)90051-5
Phosphatidylinositol specific isoenzymes of phospholipase D from Catharanthus roseus. Purification and characterization
A. Becher (1994)
10.1146/ANNUREV.PP.33.060182.000525
CELLULAR ORGANIZATION OF GLYCEROLIPID METABOLISM
and P G Roughan (1982)
10.2307/3870050
Lipid biosynthesis.
J. Ohlrogge (1995)
10.1104/PP.83.1.63
Calcium- and calmodulin-regulated breakdown of phospholipid by microsomal membranes from bean cotyledons.
G. Paliyath (1987)
10.18388/ABP.1997_4436
Galactolipase and chilling sensitivity of plants.
Z. Kaniuga (1997)
10.1002/JSFA.2740341116
Studies on the palmitoyl‐CoA hydrolase activity in carrot
P. Baardseth (1983)
10.1007/S11746-000-0009-5
Lipid components of borage (Borago officinalis L.) seeds and their changes during germination
S. P. J. Namal Senanayake (2000)
10.1105/tpc.7.7.957
Lipid biosynthesis.
J. Ohlrogge (1995)
10.1104/pp.109.2.667
Inhibition of Diabrotica Larval Growth by Patatin, the Lipid Acyl Hydrolase from Potato Tubers
J. A. Strickland (1995)
10.1002/JSFA.2740341115
Peroxidase, catalase and palmitoyl‐CoA hydrolase activity in blanched carrot cubes after storage at −20°C
P. Baardseth (1983)
10.1016/S0176-1617(11)80522-5
Galactolipase activity of chloroplasts in cadmium-treated runner bean plants
E. Skórzyńska (1991)
Chemical and biological characterization of the cytolytic protein enterolobin from seeds of enterolobium contortisiliqumm
M. V. Sousa (1991)
10.1080/01904169109364238
Calcium activation of maize root phospholipase D
David Brauer (1991)
10.1007/S11746-999-0045-Z
Changes in flax (Linum usitatissimum L.) seed lipids during germination
P. Wanasundara (1999)
10.1016/S0090-6980(02)00040-0
Fatty acid a-dioxygenases
M. Hámberg (2002)
10.1007/s11033-009-9727-8
Molecular cloning and characterization of phospholipase D from Jatropha curcas
B. Liu (2009)
Regulation of alpha-dioxygenase expression and functional analyses in salt-stressed Arabidopsis thaliana
T. Aung (2009)
10.1007/s00122-003-1244-x
RFLP linkage analysis and mapping genes controlling the fatty acid profile of Brassica juncea using reciprocal DH populations
T. Mahmood (2003)
Triggered Release of Hexanal and Benzaldehyde from their Precursors Encapsulated in Poly(lactic acid) and Ethylcellulose Carriers
Apratim Jash (2017)
10.1016/S0005-2760(98)00113-1
Fatty acid alpha-oxidation of tetradecylthioacetic acid and tetradecylthiopropionic acid in cucumber (Cucumis sativus).
G. I. Andersen Borge (1998)
10.1007/s11745-999-0411-7
Intermediates and products formed during fatty acid α-oxidation in cucumber (Cucumis sativus)
G. I. Andersen Borge (1999)
10.1007/978-3-642-70101-6_11
The Tricarboxylic Acid Cycle in Plant Mitochondria: Its Operation and Regulation
J. Wiskich (1985)
10.1007/S11738-006-0065-3
Exogenous spermidine alters in different way membrane permeability and lipid peroxidation in water stressed barley leaves
J. Kubiś (2006)
10.1016/S0168-1656(00)00397-7
Characterization of the promoter and upstream activating sequence from the Pseudomonas alcaligenes lipase gene.
M. Cox (2001)
10.1105/tpc.11.11.2249
Positional Specificity of a Phospholipase A Activity Induced by Wounding, Systemin, and Oligosaccharide Elicitors in Tomato Leaves
J. Narváez-Vásquez (1999)
10.1104/PP.92.3.672
Evidence for and subcellular localization of a ca-stimulated phospholipase d from maize roots.
D. Brauer (1990)
10.1007/s004250050150
Inhibitors of animal phospholipase A2 enzymes are selective inhibitors of auxin-dependent growth. Implications for auxin-induced signal transduction
G. E. Scherer (1997)
10.1104/PP.80.1.7
Influence of Free Fatty Acids, Lysophosphatidylcholine, Platelet-Activating Factor, Acylcarnitine, and Echinocandin B on 1,3-beta-d-Glucan Synthase and Callose Synthesis.
H. Kauss (1986)
10.1002/DDR.430100408
5‐Lipoxygenase, leukotrienes, and regulation of inflammatory responses
C. Parker (1987)
10.1007/BF00397531
Localization of β-oxidation enzymes in peroxisomes isolated from nonfatty plant tissues
B. Gerhardt (2004)
10.1007/BF00239994
β-Oxidation enzymes in the mitochondria of Arum and oilseed rape
C. Masterson (2004)
10.1104/PP.94.3.1225
Characteristics of a membrane-associated lipoxygenase in tomato fruit.
J. F. Todd (1990)
See more
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar