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Animal Manure And Anhydrous Ammonia Amendment Alter Microbial Carbon Use Efficiency, Microbial Biomass, And Activities Of Dehydrogenase And Amidohydrolases In Semiarid Agroecosystems

S. Deng, J. Parham, J. Hattey, D. Babu
Published 2006 · Biology

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Abstract The potential negative impact of agricultural practices on soil and water quality is of environmental concern. The associated nutrient transformations and movements that lead to environmental concerns are inseparable from microbial and biochemical activities. Therefore, biochemical and microbiological parameters directing nitrogen (N) transformations in soils amended with different animal manures or inorganic N fertilizers were investigated. Soils under continuous corn cultivation were treated with N annually for 5 years at 56, 168, and 504 kg N ha−1 in the form of swine effluent, beef manure, or anhydrous ammonia. Animal manure treatments increased dehydrogenase activity, microbial biomass carbon (Cmic) and N (Nmic) contents, and activities of amidohydrolases, including l -asparaginase, urease, l -glutaminase, amidase, and β-glucosaminidase. Soils receiving anhydrous ammonia demonstrated increased nitrate contents, but reduced microbiological and biochemical activities. All treatments decreased Cmic:organic C (Corg) ratios compared with the control, indicating reduced microbial C use efficiency and disturbance of C equilibrium in these soil environments. Activities of all enzymes tested were significantly correlated with soil Corg contents (P
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