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One-step Hydrothermal Synthesis Of Magnetic Fe3O4 Nanoparticles Immobilized On Polyamide Fabric

H. Zhang, Guo-Qing Zhu
Published 2012 · Materials Science

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Abstract A thin film of nanosized Fe 3 O 4 particles prepared by hydrothermal method was immobilized on the surface of polyamide 6 fiber using ferric trichloride and ferrous chloride as the precursor, N,N-dimethyl formamide as the swelling agent and sodium dodecyl sulfate as the dispersant agent. The morphology, crystalline phase, thermal stability, magnetization properties and chemical structure of polyamide 6 fabric before and after treatments were characterized by means of scanning electron microscope (SEM), transmission electron microscope (TEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD), thermal gravimetric analysis (TGA), differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), vibrating sample magnetometer (VSM) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) techniques. The tensile properties and abrasion resistance were also measured. It was found that the inverse cubic spinel phase of Fe 3 O 4 nanoparticles with an average size 50 nm were synthesized, and synchronously grafted onto polyamide fiber surface. As compared with the original fabric, the onset decomposition temperature of the Fe 3 O 4 -coated fabric decreased slightly. The saturation magnetization was measured to be 3.8 emu/g at temperature of 300 K. The tensile properties were enhanced to some extent mainly due to the fabric shrinkage. The abrasion resistance of the Fe 3 O 4 -coated fabric behaved well.
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