Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
← Back to Search

Effects Of Fish Biology On Ebb And Flow Aquaponical Cultured Herbs In Northern Germany (Mecklenburg Western Pomerania)

U. Knaus, H. Palm
Published 2017 · Biology

Save to my Library
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Share
Abstract Two identical coupled warmwater ebb-and-flood gravel aquaponic systems (unit I, unit II) without additional biofilter were evaluated for the effect of fish species choice onto culinary herbs (basil - Ocimum basilicum, parsley - Petroselinum crispum and marjoram - Origanum majorana) and resulting water parameters. The daily feed input increased over the experiment (70–450 g, total 70 days), resulting in an maximum feed input of 150 g d− 1, or 25% less than during an earlier study under the presence of a 60 L trickling biofilter. Using dissolved oxygen to indicate system performance, the experiment had a run in phase, exponential phase, and accumulation phase. Lowest dissolved oxygen (DO) concentrations were measured inside the hydroponic units, with no general differences in chemo-physical parameters between each separate plant box. Nile tilapia red strain fingerlings (Oreochromis niloticus; initial weight 3.32 g ± 1.63) were stocked in aquaponic unit I and African catfish fingerlings (Clarias gariepinus; initial weight 3.92 g ± 1.63) in unit II. Due to the high feed input at the beginning of the experiments, specific growth rate and feed conversion ratio were very good, and significantly better for C. gariepinus (3.30% d−1 ± 0.02, 0.61 ± 0.01) compared with O. niloticus (2.81% d−1 ± 0.12, 0.91 ± 0.08). Feed conversion corresponded with much younger fish with effective feeding under restricted food input. The oxygen consumption was lower for C. gariepinus with a difference of 8.34% to O. niloticus. Due to reduced natural light illumination and water temperature (winter season), plant growth was generally reduced but two times better in the O. niloticus stocked unit (0.30 g ± 0.37 in basil, 0.55 g ± 0.39 in parsley) compared with C. gariepinus (0.12 g ± 0.21 in basil, 0.27 g ± 0.31 in parsley). A newly calculated aquaponic growth factor (AGF) illustrates the opposite fish and plant yields for both fish species. Statement of relevance: The influence of different fish species on plant growth has been examined only rarely in aquaponics. We hereby describe the influence of different types of fish on physical parameters and plant growth in coupled aquaponic systems for diversification.
This paper references
Artificial reproduction and pond rearing of the African catfish Clarias gariepinus in sub-Saharan Africa : a handbook
G. D. Graaf (1996)
10.1111/J.1365-2109.1991.TB00753.X
Digestive capabilities of three commensal fish species: carp, Cyprinus carpio L., tilapia, Oreochromis aureus×O. niloticus, and African catfish, Clarias gariepinus (Burchell 1822)
G. Degani (1991)
10.1016/0300-9629(95)02086-1
Effects of diet on responses to exhaustive exercise in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis nilotica) acclimated to three different temperatures
D. J. Mckenzie (1996)
Tilapia : biology, culture, and nutrition
C. Lim (2006)
10.1016/J.AGWAT.2010.03.013
The hydroponic production of lettuce (Lactuca sativa L) by using hybrid catfish (Clarias macrocephalus × C. gariepinus) pond water: Potentials and constraints
D. Sikawa (2010)
10.1242/jeb.122903
To boldly gulp: standard metabolic rate and boldness have context-dependent influences on risk-taking to breathe air in a catfish
D. J. McKenzie (2015)
10.1007/s00360-011-0577-z
Cardiorespiratory responses to hypoxia in the African catfish, Clarias gariepinus (Burchell 1822), an air-breathing fish
T. Belão (2011)
10.1016/J.AQUACULTURE.2009.10.027
Effect of dietary protein level, initial body weight, and their interaction on the growth, feed utilization, and physiological alterations of Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus (L.)
M. Abdel-Tawwab (2010)
10.1016/S0044-8486(97)00168-3
Nutrient dynamics in integrated aquaculture–hydroponics systems
D. Seawright (1998)
10.1007/s10499-004-8528-2
A comparison of reciprocating flow versus constant flow in an integrated, gravel bed, aquaponic test system
Wilson A. Lennard (2004)
10.5004/DWT.2009.559
Effect of flow rate on water quality parameters and plant growth of water spinach (Ipomoea aquatica) in an aquaponic recirculating system
A. Endut (2009)
10.1016/0044-8486(84)90290-4
Tropical production of tilapia (Sarotherodon aurea) and tomatoes (Lycopersicon esculentum) in a small-scale recirculating water system
B. J. Watten (1984)
10.1016/J.IBIOD.2013.03.029
Effects of feeding frequency and photoperiod on water quality and crop production in a tilapia–water spinach raft aquaponics system
Jung-Yuan Liang (2013)
Tank Culture of Tilapia.
J. Rakocy (1990)
10.1016/j.biortech.2009.09.040
A study on the optimal hydraulic loading rate and plant ratios in recirculation aquaponic system.
A. Endut (2010)
10.1016/J.AQUACULTURE.2014.09.023
Commercial aquaponics production and profitability: Findings from an international survey
D. Love (2015)
10.1016/0304-4238(83)90108-5
The oxygen content of flowing nutrient solutions used for cucumber and tomato culture
H. R. Gislerød (1983)
Significant factors affecting the economic sustainability of closed aquaponic systems. Part I: system design, chemo-physical parameters and general aspects.
H. Palm (2014)
10.1016/0044-8486(89)90082-3
The effect of different protein levels and temperatures on feed utilization, growth and body composition of Clarias gariepinus (Burchell 1822)
G. Degani (1989)
10.3390/SU7044199
Challenges of Sustainable and Commercial Aquaponics
Simon Goddek (2015)
Effects of feeding regime and dietary protein on growth and body composition in Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822)
M. Z. Ali (2004)
Vegetable production in a recirculating aquaponic system using Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) with and without freshwater prawn (Macrobrachium rosenbergii).
C. F. Sace (2013)
10.1007/BF00017423
Respiratory behaviour, oxygen consumption and relative dependence on aerial respiration in the African lungfish (Protopterus annectens, owen) and an air-breathing teleost (Clarias lazera, C.).
M. M. Babiker (2004)
10.21273/HORTTECH.14.2.0235
Organic Fertilization of Fresh Market Sweet Basil in a Greenhouse
C. E. Succop (2004)
10.1080/10454438.2010.527571
An Investigation of Aquaponics Using Brackish Water Resources in the Negev Desert
Benz Kotzen (2010)
10.1016/0044-8486(95)01151-X
The potential for integrated biological treatment systems in recirculating fish culture—A review
J. Rijn (1996)
Effects of feeding frequency on growth, feed efficiency and economic viability of rearing African catfish (Clarias gariepinus, Burchell 1822) fingerlings and juveniles
A. Aderolu (2010)
10.1016/S0044-8486(96)01360-9
Combined effects of water temperature and salinity on growth and feed utilization of juvenile Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus (Linneaus)
J. Likongwe (1996)
10.1111/J.1365-2109.1989.TB00353.X
The case for the African catfish, Clarias gariepinus Burchell, 1822, Clariidae: a comparison of the relative merits of Tilapiine fishes, especially Oreochromis niloticus (L.) and C. gariepinus Burchell, for African aquaculture
G. Haylor (1989)
10.1016/J.DESAL.2008.03.048
Aquaponic Systems: Nutrient recycling from fish wastewater by vegetable production
A. Graber (2009)
10.1111/ARE.12098
The impact of elevated water nitrite concentration on physiology, growth and feed intake of African catfish Clarias gariepinus (Burchell 1822)
Jonathan A. C. Roques (2014)
10.1016/J.JCLEPRO.2013.02.012
Production and income of basil in and out of season with vermicomposts from rabbit manure and bovine ruminal contents alternatives to urea
Carmen Cabanillas (2013)
10.1111/J.1749-7345.2008.00181.X
Food Production and Water Conservation in a Recirculating Aquaponic System in Saudi Arabia at Different Ratios of Fish Feed to Plants
Y. S. Al-Hafedh (2008)
Hydroponic lettuce production in a recirculating fish culture system
J. Rakocy (1988)
10.1046/J.1365-2109.1999.00343.X
Effects of dietary protein on growth and body composition of Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus L.
Y. S. A. Hafedh (1999)
10.1080/07352680591008628
Impact of Environmental Factors on Product Quality of Greenhouse Vegetables for Fresh Consumption
N. Gruda (2005)
10.1016/J.AQUACULTURE.2016.03.046
Evaluating aquaponic crops in a freshwater flow-through fish culture system
Karen M. Buzby (2016)
10.1111/J.1365-2109.2005.01372.X
The consistency of individual differences in growth, feed efficiency and feeding behaviour in African catfish Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822) housed individually
C. I. Martins (2005)
10.1007/s10499-006-9053-2
A Comparison of Three Different Hydroponic Sub-systems (gravel bed, floating and nutrient film technique) in an Aquaponic Test System
Wilson A. Lennard (2006)
A comparison of the aquaculture potential of Clarias gariepinus (Burchell, 1822) and its hybrid with Heterobranchus longifilis valenciennes, 1840 in Southern Africa
L. K. Oellermann (1996)
Performance of a small-scale modular aquaponic system.
M. Simeonidou (2012)
10.1002/FFJ.2730100607
Influence of day length and leaf insertion on the composition of marjoram essential oil
G. Circella (1995)
10.1002/JEZ.1401360303
Physiology of the accessory respiratory organs of the teleost, Clarias lazera (C. & V.).
T. A. Moussa (1957)
10.5376/IJA.2012.02.0009
Evaluation of Growth Performance, Feed Utilization Efficiency and Survival Rate of Juvenile Nile tilapia, Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus, 1758) Reared at Different Water Temperature
K. B. Workagegn (2012)
10.1016/S0044-8486(97)00250-0
The effects of density, light and shelter on the growth and survival of African catfish (Clarias gariepinus Burchell, 1822) fingerlings
M. Hossain (1998)
10.17660/ACTAHORTIC.2004.648.8
Aquaponic production of tilapia and basil: comparing a batch and staggered cropping system
J. Rakocy (2004)
10.1016/0044-8486(87)90077-9
Quantitative feed requirements of African catfish (Clarias gariepinus Burchell) larvae fed with decapsulated cysts of Artemia: I. The effect of temperature and feeding level
J. Verreth (1987)
Significant factors affecting the economic sustainability of closed aquaponic systems. Part II: fish and plant growth
H. Palm (2014)
10.1111/J.1365-2109.1996.TB01267.X
Temperature and dietary factors affecting the nitrogen efflux rates of the African catfish, Clarias gariepinus (Burchell)
L. Buttle (1996)
10.1016/0044-8486(83)90208-9
Growth and production of the African catfish, Clarias lazera (C & V), II. Effects of body weight, temperature and feeding level in intensive tand culture
H. Hogendoorn (1983)
10.1016/0044-8486(81)90049-1
Controlled propagation of the African catfish, Clarias lazera (C. & V.): IV. Effect of feeding regime in fingerling culture
H. Hogendoorn (1981)
10.1111/J.1749-7345.1997.TB00290.X
Efficiency of Water Use of an Integrated Fish/Vegetable Co‐Culture System
M. McMurtry (1997)
Significant factors affecting the economic sustainability of closed aquaponic systems. Part III: Plant units.
H. Palm (2015)
10.1016/J.AQUACULTURE.2010.06.005
The impact of elevated water ammonia concentration on physiology, growth and feed intake of African catfish (Clarias gariepinus)
E. Schram (2010)
Aquaponia : uma experiência com tilápia (Oreochromis niloticus), manjericão (Ocimum basilicum) e manjerona (Origanum majorana) em sistemas de recirculação de água e nutrientes
Guilherme Crispim Hundley (2013)
10.1016/J.BSE.2008.08.006
Plant growth promoting rhizobacteria improve growth and essential oil yield in Origanum majorana L
E. Banchio (2008)
10.1016/J.AQUAENG.2004.09.001
Analysis of nutrient flows in integrated intensive aquaculture systems
O. Schneider (2005)



This paper is referenced by
10.3390/SU10061805
Commercial African Catfish ( Clarias gariepinus ) Recirculating Aquaculture Systems: Assessment of Element and Energy Pathways with Special Focus on the Phosphorus Cycle
S. Strauch (2018)
10.22161/ijeab.53.28
A descriptive analysis of the replication applied in aquaponic experimental studies
Wilson A. Lennard (2020)
10.21608/idj.2020.74591
Study of the effects of different monosex Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus) fingerlings densitieson Lettuce (Lactuca sativa) and water quality in a low-techrecirculation aquaponic system
M. Hussein (2020)
10.1109/ICINPRO47689.2019.9092043
A Controlled Environment Agriculture with Hydroponics: Variants, Parameters, Methodologies and Challenges for Smart Farming
P. Srivani (2019)
10.18817/REPESCA.V11I1.1513
AQUAPONIA: SISTEMA QUE INTEGRA PRODUÇÃO DE PEIXES COM PRODUÇÃO DE VEGETAIS DE FORMA SUSTENTÁVEL
Thaise Mota Sátiro (2018)
Effect of Stocking Density Using Tilapia Oreochromis Niloticuson Aquaponic System and Cultivation of Cherry Tomato Solanum Lycopersicumunder Uae Condition
Al Bloushi (2018)
Effect of Fish Diets Supplemented with Vitamin /Mineral Premix on Growth and Yield of Lettuce under Aquaponic System
M. A. El-Helaly (2019)
10.1016/J.AGSY.2019.01.010
A fully integrated simulation model of multi-loop aquaponics: A case study for system sizing in different environments
Simon Goddek (2019)
10.1063/5.0018180
The use of aquaponic system to evaluate suitable conditions for improved organic plant growth
E. T. Bulya (2020)
10.1016/j.aquaculture.2019.734864
Shrimp–vegetable rotational farming system: An innovation of shrimp aquaculture in the tidal flat ponds of Hangzhou Bay, China
M. Ni (2020)
10.3390/su12208745
Basil (Ocimum basilicum) Cultivation in Decoupled Aquaponics with Three Hydro-Components (Grow Pipes, Raft, Gravel) and African Catfish (Clarias gariepinus) Production in Northern Germany
U. Knaus (2020)
10.3390/su11226511
Comparisons between Aquaponic and Conventional Hydroponic Crop Yields: A Meta-Analysis
Emmanuel Ayipio (2019)
10.3390/SU10103479
The Synergy between Aquaculture and Hydroponics Technologies: The Case of Lettuce and Tilapia
G. Hochman (2018)
10.1016/J.AQUACULTURE.2017.01.020
Effects of the fish species choice on vegetables in aquaponics under spring-summer conditions in northern Germany (Mecklenburg Western Pomerania)
U. Knaus (2017)
10.1007/978-3-030-15943-6_7
Coupled aquaponics systems
H. Palm (2019)
10.1007/978-3-030-15943-6_11
Aquaponics Systems Modelling
K. Keesman (2019)
10.1007/s10499-017-0198-y
Integrated production of fish (pacu Piaractus mesopotamicus and red tilapia Oreochromis sp.) with two varieties of garnish (scallion and parsley) in aquaponics system
S. Pinho (2017)
10.1007/s10499-018-0293-8
Comparison of Lactuca sativa growth performance in conventional and RAS-based hydroponic systems
Simon Goddek (2018)
10.1109/ICInPro47689.2019.9092043
A Controlled Environment Agriculture with Hydroponics: Variants, Parameters, Methodologies and Challenges for Smart Farming
Srivani P (2019)
10.15159/AR.17.070
Requirements for inserting intercropping in aquaponics system for sustainability in agricultural production system
A. Al-Tawaha (2017)
10.1016/J.DESAL.2017.11.024
The necessity of desalination technology for designing and sizing multi-loop aquaponics systems
Simon Goddek (2018)
10.1016/j.aqrep.2019.100221
Iron supplementation and management in aquaponic systems: A review
N. Kasozi (2019)
10.3390/su12208717
Aquaponics (s.l.) Production of Spearmint (Mentha spicata) with African Catfish (Clarias gariepinus) in Northern Germany
U. Knaus (2020)
10.1111/JWAS.12574
Effect of plant density in coupled aquaponics on the welfare status of African catfish, Clarias gariepinus
Björn Baßmann (2020)
10.1016/J.JCLEPRO.2018.06.067
A framework of actions for strong sustainability
G. C. O. Neto (2018)
10.1007/s10499-018-0249-z
Towards commercial aquaponics: a review of systems, designs, scales and nomenclature
H. Palm (2018)
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar