Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
Please confirm you are human
(Sign Up for free to never see this)
← Back to Search

Chemical And Microbial Effects Of Atmospheric Particles On The Performance Of Steep-slope Roofing Materials

Mengdawn Cheng, S. Pfiffner, S. Pfiffner, W. A. Miller, P. Berdahl
Published 2011 · Environmental Science

Save to my Library
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Share
The reflectivity of a roof is a critical component in design of strategy to reduce overall building energy usage. Airborne particulate matter that settles on a roof can either reflect or absorb incoming solar radiation. The light scattering and absorption processes occur within a few microns of the surface that affects the solar reflectance of the roof. The long-term loss of roof reflectivity appears driven by the ability of the atmospheric particulate matter to cling onto the roof and resist being washed off by wind and or rain. Contaminants collected from samples of roof products exposed at seven California sites for about one and a half years were analysed for major and trace elements and carbons to assist characterization of the chemical profile of the atmospheric particles that soil each roof sample. The chemical composition of the accumulated particles was very similar across the state of California; there was no clear distinction from one region to another. Elemental carbon did not contribute significantly to the loss of solar reflectance as initially expected. Dust particles and organic carbon compensated for the loss of solar reflectance due to elemental carbon possibly because some crystalline forms of these elements were light reflecting and contributed to the solar reflectance. Differences in microbial communities and biomass were seen between the various materials. Abundance of microbial biomass on roof tiles appears to be related to the composition/surface structure of the tile. Cyanobacteria or fungi represent the dominant player.
This paper references
10.1016/1352-2310(94)00276-Q
Identification of secondary organic aerosol episodes and quantitation of primary and secondary organic aerosol concentrations during SCAQS
B. Turpin (1995)
10.1128/AEM.52.4.794-801.1986
Phospholipid ester-linked fatty acid profile changes during nutrient deprivation of Vibrio cholerae: increases in the trans/cis ratio and proportions of cyclopropyl fatty acids.
J. B. Guckert (1986)
10.1038/365823A0
Large contribution of organic aerosols to cloud-condensation-nuclei concentrations
T. Novakov (1993)
10.1364/AO.41.002355
Aging of reflective roofs: soot deposition.
P. Berdahl (2002)
10.1139/O59-099
A rapid method of total lipid extraction and purification.
E. Bligh (1959)
10.1002/JMS.670
Atmospheric pressure chemical ionization and atmospheric pressure photoionization for simultaneous mass spectrometric analysis of microbial respiratory ubiquinones and menaquinones.
R. Geyer (2004)
10.1007/BF01574692
Quantitative comparisons ofin situ microbial biodiversity by signature biomarker analysis
D. White (2005)
10.1016/0004-6981(89)90160-1
Identification of markers for chemical mass balance receptor model
Cheng Meng-Dawn (1989)
10.1128/AEM.60.9.3292-3299.1994
Changes in Ester-Linked Phospholipid Fatty Acid Profiles of Subsurface Bacteria during Starvation and Desiccation in a Porous Medium.
T. L. Kieft (1994)
10.1016/0038-0717(95)00100-X
Changes in microbial community structure during long-term incubation in two soils experimentally contaminated with metals
Å. Frostegård (1996)
10.1111/J.1745-6584.1986.TB01013.X
Microbial Biomass, Activity, and Community Structure in Subsurface Soils
T. Federle (1986)
Fungal Lipid Biochemistry: Distribution and Metabolism
J. Weete (1974)
Using Artificial Neural Networks to Assess Changes in Microbial Communities
C. Brandt (1999)
10.1023/A:1012821827012
Comparison of Techniques for In Situ Nondamaging Measurement of Solar Reflectances of Low-Slope Roof Membranes
T. Petrie (2001)
10.1021/ES60115A005
Analysis of carbonaceous materials in Southern California atmospheric aerosols
B. Appel (1976)
10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2006.10.015
Weathering of Roofing Materials-An Overview
P. Berdahl (2008)
10.1007/BF02920474
Relating ground water and sediment chemistry to microbial characterization at a BTEX-contaminated site
S. M. Pfiffner (1997)
10.1046/J.1462-2920.1999.00030.X
Microbial characterization of a JP-4 fuel-contaminated site using a combined lipid biomarker/polymerase chain reaction--denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (PCR-DGGE)-based approach.
J. R. Stephen (1999)
10.1016/S1352-2310(99)00310-6
Evaluation of secondary organic aerosol formation in winter
R. Strader (1999)
10.1128/AEM.64.1.238-245.1998
Effect of Metal-Rich Sludge Amendments on the Soil Microbial Community
E. Bååth (1998)
10.1007/BF00388810
Determination of the sedimentary microbial biomass by extractible lipid phosphate
D. White (2004)
10.1080/01490450600875712
Deep Subsurface Microbial Biomass and Community Structure in Witwatersrand Basin Mines
S. Pfiffner (2006)
10.1007/BF02097406
Equivalence of microbial biomass measures based on membrane lipid and cell wall components, adenosine triphosphate, and direct counts in subsurface aquifer sediments
D. Balkwill (2005)



This paper is referenced by
10.1016/J.SOLENER.2012.07.003
Cooling the cities – A review of reflective and green roof mitigation technologies to fight heat island and improve comfort in urban environments
M. Santamouris (2014)
10.1016/J.ENBUILD.2015.06.025
The performance of a self-cleaning cool cementitious surface
Ana Paula Werle (2016)
Characterisation of microbial colonies on COLORBOND® steel substrates
Nicole A. Pianegonda (2016)
10.32657/10356/75922
Study on ageing process of cool coatings in tropical climate
Xingguo Yang (2018)
10.1016/J.IBIOD.2011.09.005
Biodeterioration of external architectural paint films – A review
C. Gaylarde (2011)
10.1016/j.enbuild.2020.110031
Effects of natural aging on the properties of a cool surface exposed in different Brazilian environments
M. A. Shirakawa (2020)
10.1177/1744259115611866
Surface reflectance degradation by microbial communities
Meng-Dawn Cheng (2016)
10.1016/j.solmat.2019.110264
Effects of soiling and weathering on the albedo of building envelope materials: Lessons learned from natural exposure in two European cities and tuning of a laboratory simulation practice
Riccardo Paolini (2020)
10.1016/J.IBIOD.2013.12.003
Fungal and phototroph growth on fiber cement roofs and its influence on solar reflectance in a tropical climate
M. A. Shirakawa (2014)
10.1088/1742-6596/923/1/012046
How accelerated biological aging can affect solar reflective polymeric based building materials
C. Ferrari (2017)
10.1080/17512549.2018.1488616
Accelerated biological ageing of solar reflective and aesthetically relevant building materials
Giulia Santunione (2019)
10.1016/J.SOLMAT.2013.11.028
Soiling of building envelope surfaces and its effect on solar reflectance – Part II: Development of an accelerated aging method for roofing materials
M. Sleiman (2014)
10.1016/J.BUILDENV.2015.08.001
Impact of plant evapotranspiration rate and shrub albedo on temperature reduction in the tropical outdoor environment
C. L. Tan (2015)
10.1016/J.CULHER.2015.01.006
Biological colonization and biodeterioration of architectural ceramic materials: An overview
M. Coutinho (2015)
10.1016/J.CONBUILDMAT.2011.06.052
Understanding the long-term effects of environmental exposure on roof reflectance in California
Meng-Dawn Cheng (2012)
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar