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Simultaneous Reduction And Sulfonation Of Graphene Oxide For Efficient Hole Selectivity In Polymer Solar Cells

Asghar Ali, Zuhair Khan, Mahmood Jamil, Yaqoob Khan, Nisar Ahmad, Saika Ahmed
Published 2018 · Chemistry
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Abstract We developed sulfonated, reduced graphene oxide (S-RGO) through fuming/concentrated sulfuric acid treatment of graphene oxide (GO) in ambient conditions. It was demonstrated that the optical band gap and electrical conductivity of S-RGO are easily tunable, and depend on the level of reduction and sulfonation of GO. Whereas, reduction and sulfonation were found dependent on SO 3 content, acid strength, and gas tightness of the reaction mixture. It's actually the water content of oleum that determines the nature of the final product. The easily adjustable band gap and electrical conductivity suggest that S-RGO can be employed as a potential hole extraction layer (HEL) material for several donor-acceptor systems. For P3HT:PC 61 BM based inverted polymer solar cells, it was observed that the shape of the J–V curve is tailorable with the choice of HEL. Compared to a 2.75% power conversion efficiency (PCE) attained with PEDOT:PSS, a PCE of 2.80% was achieved with tuned S-RGO. Our results imply that an S-RGO of sufficiently high band gap and conductivity can replace some of the state of the art HEL materials for a host of device applications.
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