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Bioreduction Of Chromium (VI) By Bacillus Sp. Isolated From Soils Of Iron Mineral Area

Guojun Cheng, X. Li
Published 2009 · Biology

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Abstract Extensive use of chromium in industry has caused environmental contamination. Chromium-resistant bacteria are capable of reducing toxic Cr (VI) to less toxic Cr (III). Eight isolates, which can grow on LB agar containing 500 mg/L of Cr (VI), were isolated from soil samples of iron mineral area. The bacterial isolates were identified as Bacillus sp. by the 16S rRNA gene sequences. Phylogenetic tree analysis indicates the isolates can be divided into two groups. The bacterial isolates can be resistant to other heavy metals and reduce Cr (VI) at different levels. One bacterial isolate (MDS05), which can tolerate 2500 mg/L Cr (VI) and was able to reduce almost 100% of Cr (VI) at the concentration of 10 mg/L in 24 h, was selected to study the effects of some environmental factors such as pH, temperature, and time on Cr (VI) reduction and growth. The cell growth of MDS05 was affected by the presence of Cr (VI), especially at the concentration of 100 mg/L. It reduced more amount of Cr (VI) under a wide range of concentrations from 5 to 50 mg/L, and reduction was optimum at 37 °C and pH 8. MDS05 showed great promise for use in Cr (VI) detoxification under a wide range of environmental conditions.
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