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Effect Of Heat Stress On The Photosynthetic Apparatus In Maize (Zea Mays L.) Grown At Control Or High Temperature

Veerana Sinsawat, J. Leipner, P. Stamp, Y. Fracheboud
Published 2004 · Biology

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The effects of short exposure to heat stress in the dark on maize seedlings grown at 25 °C or 41 °C were investigated by means of chlorophyll fluorescence and oxygen evolution. Exposure of plants grown at 25 °C to 35 °C for 20 min in the dark led to a transient inhibition (by about 50%) of the rate of photosynthesis, which recovered within 4 h. Treatments at temperatures above 45 °C led to permanent damage; the plants did not recover within 96 h. In contrast, no damage occurred to plants grown at 41 °C after exposure to temperatures up to 50 °C. Improved thermo-tolerance as a result of high growth temperature was not related to the presence of zeaxanthin, since it did not accumulate in heat-stressed leaves in the dark. In plants grown at 25 °C, measurements of the quantum yield of electron transport at PSII in leaves infiltrated with methylviologen (MV) indicated the presence of a heat-sensitive component of the photosynthetic apparatus, located downstream of photosystem II (PSII) and before the carbon cycle.
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