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Switchgrass As Forage And Biofuel Feedstock: Effect Of Nitrogen Fertilization Rate On The Quality Of Biomass Harvested In Late Summer And Early Fall

Asif Ameen, Asif Ameen, Chaochen Tang, J. Liu, L. Han, G. H. Xie
Published 2019 · Environmental Science

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Abstract Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) is a perennial warm-season grass which has great potential as a forage or bioenergy crop in marginal land. This study was conducted to determine whether nitrogen (N) fertilization could affect biomass quality of switchgrass harvested in late summer and early fall. The effects of four N fertilizer application rates (0, 60, 120, and 240 kg N ha−1) and two harvest times (late summer and early fall) on the quality components of forage and biofuel feedstock and theoretical ethanol yield (TEY) were investigated on a sandy wasteland (Aridisol) in Inner Mongolia, China during the growing seasons of 2015 and 2016. Soil NO3− content was also examined in response to N application rates. Application of 60 kg N ha−1 significantly increased switchgrass crude protein (CP) content, protein yield, and TEY (p
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