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Development Of Microstructural And Voxel Based Models Of Deformation And Failure Of The Porous Ceramics For Assessment Of Ballistic Performance

Anastasia V. Ignatova, Sergei B. Sapozhnikov, N. Yu. Dolganina
Published 2017 · Materials Science

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Abstract Traditionally, ceramic materials are brittle and have various internal defects. Impact strength of ceramic tiles strongly depends of defects distribution and still not fully understood. In this work, the porosity of alumina ceramics was studied using fracture surface SEM analysis. Microstructural 3D-modeling of stochastic pores distribution in ceramics was completed for strength and elastic moduli estimation by FEA. The Weibull distribution parameters of strength were determined for different porosity values. A voxel model of ceramic disks with a porosity of 12.5% was proposed and investigated for the assessment of residual velocities after local impact by LS-DYNA software. This model was created taking the heterogeneity of the structure in consideration (1–9 groups of voxels), which allows for the modeling of real thin disc-shaped structure. The experimental and numerical results agreed quite well with ballistic tests. Proposed model of porous ceramics can be effectively used for the optimization of protective structures.
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