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Repairs Of Partial Oblique Tendon Injuries: A Biomechanical Evaluation

J. TAN, L. MING, Z.J. JIA, J.B. TANG

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This study evaluated the tensile properties of oblique partial tendon lacerations and the effects of peripheral sutures on their strength. Seventy-four fresh pig flexor digitorum profundus tendons were divided into eight groups and were transected across 90% of their diameter. The lacerations in the tendons of five of the groups were at 0°, 15°, 30°, 45°, and 60° to their transverse cross-section, respectively. In the other three groups the lacerations were 0°, 45°, and 60° to the cross-section and were repaired with running peripheral sutures. The tendons were subjected to load-to-failure tests in a tensile testing machine to determine the initial, 1 and 2 mm gap formation forces, and the ultimate strength. Obliquity of tendon lacerations affected the strength of partially lacerated tendons. The tendons with 45° and 60° oblique lacerations had a significantly lower ultimate strengths than those with transverse (0°), or 15° or 30° oblique lacerations. Running peripheral sutures significantly increased both the gap formation forces and the ultimate strength of the tendons with oblique partial lacerations.