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Shear Induced Fiber Orientation, Fiber Breakage And Matrix Molecular Orientation In Long Glass Fiber Reinforced Polypropylene Composites

J. Wang, Chengzhen Geng, F. Luo, Yan-mei Liu, K. Wang, Q. Fu, Bobing He
Published 2011 · Materials Science

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Abstract Long fiber reinforcement is well known to offer thermoplastic materials with high performances. But little work has been done to systematically investigate the effect of shear on the structures and properties of long glass fiber reinforced thermoplastics. The purpose of this work is to investigate the effect of shear on fiber orientation, fiber breakage and matrix molecular orientation in long glass fiber reinforced polypropylene composites, and to construct the structure–property relations. A so-called dynamic packing injection molding (DPIM) technique, which imposed oscillatory shear (10 s −1 ) on the gradually cooled melt during the packing solidification stage, was used to prepare the dynamic samples, and optical microscope (OM), scanning electron microscope (SEM), micro-Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) were used to characterize the samples. The results show that despite the well-published enhanced fiber and matrix orientation, shear will cause a remarkable fiber breakage. Combined effect of fiber breakage and orientation on the mechanical properties of the composites was qualitatively investigated and tensile properties of the dynamic samples, the conventional injection molded samples and the short glass fiber reinforced samples were compared. It is demonstrated that shear will induce more severe fiber breakage in long glass fiber reinforced polypropylene than in short glass fiber reinforced polypropylene, and that compromising the decreased strength caused by the severe fiber breakage is very difficult.
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