Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.
← Back to Search

Minimum Tillage And Residue Management Increase Soil Water Content, Soil Organic Matter And Canola Seed Yield And Seed Oil Content In The Semiarid Areas Of Northern Iraq

A. S. Abdullah
Published 2014 · Geology

Cite This
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Abstract Intensive tillage-based agricultural system is a major cause of soil deterioration and reduction in agricultural productivity in the semiarid areas of northern Iraq. A twoyear (2009–2011) field study was conducted in Mosul, Nineveh, Northern Iraq. The objectives of this study were to investigate the effect of tillage and residue management on soil water content (SWC), soil organic matter (SOM) and canola ( Brassica napus L.) seed yield and seed oil content. The two tillage systems used were conventional tillage (CT) and minimum tillage (MT). Three levels of wheat residue were incorporated into the soil at 0, 2, and 4 t ha −1 . Soil samples were collected from a depth of 0–15 cm at germination, flowering and maturity of canola from a clay loam USDA classified soil. The greatest overall SWC was observed in MT and 4 t ha −1 of residue, and the high SWC trend was particularly pronounced in 2010 at the critical period of flowering. In 2011, both 2 and 4 t ha −1 of residue increased SOM by 14 and 18%, respectively, compared with no residue treatment. Residue treatments showed no significant effect on SOM in 2010. Seed oil content was generally greater in MT and 4 t ha −1 of residue with an average increase of 10 and 20% compared with CT and no residue treatments, in 2010 and 2011, respectively. In 2010, MT with 4 t ha −1 of residue resulted in 24% increase in canola seed yield compared with CT without residue. Canola seed yield of the CT with 4 t ha −1 of residue was approximately 1617 kg ha −1 which was 18% greater than the yield recorded at CT without residue. Thus, appropriate residue management could improve soil quality and agricultural productivity in rainfed semiarid areas using minimum tillage systems.
This paper references
Fertilizers and their use in Pakistan: an extension guide.
N. Ahmad (1996)
Dust storms loads analyses—Iraq
M. Al-Dabbas (2010)
Root growth, soil water content and yield of barley under different tillage systems on two soils in semiarid conditions
J. Lampurlanés (2001)
Effects of tillage and biomass on soil quality and productivity of lowland rice cultivation by small scale farmers in North Eastern India
A. Das (2014)
Modeling Response of Soil Erosion and Runoff to Changes in Precipitation and Cover
M. Nearing (2005)
Effect of crop management on C and N in long-term crop rotations after adopting no-tillage management: comparison of soil sampling strategies
C. Campbell (1998)
Synergistic effects of drought and ascorbic acid on growth, mineral nutrients and oxidative defense system in canola (Brassica napus L.) plants
Sidra Shafiq (2014)
Effect of weather on seed yield and radiation and water use efficiency of mustard cultivars in a semi-arid environment
S. Pradhan (2014)
Soil water dynamics, physical properties and corn and wheat responses to minimum and no-tillage systems in the southern Pampas of Argentina
K. Fabrizzi (2005)
Dryland residue and soil organic matter as influenced by tillage, crop rotation, and cultural practice
U. M. Sainju (2010)
Response of roots to mechanical impedance
B. Atwell (1993)
Influence of genotype and environment on oil and protein concentrations of canola (Brassica napus L.) grown across southern Australia
Ping Si (2003)
Predicting soil erodibility in northern Iraq using natural runoff plot data
M. H. Hussein (2007)
Ratios of microbial biomass carbon to total organic carbon in arable soils
T. Anderson (1989)
Predicting growth and yield of winter rapeseed in a Mediterranean environment: Model adaptation at a field scale
P. Deligios (2013)
Influence of Planting Date on Canola and Crambe Production
B. Johnson (1992)
Soil water retention as affected by tillage and residue management in semiarid Spain
P. Bescansa (2006)
Long-term conventional and no-tillage effects on selected soil physical properties.
R. L. Hill (1990)
Fatty acid composition of canola (Brassica napus L.), as affected by agronomical, genotypic and environmental parameters.
H. Omidi (2010)
Soil organic carbon sequestration rates by tillage and crop rotation : A global data analysis
T. West (2002)
Conservation Tillage Influence on Carbon Dynamics Under Mediterranean Conditions
R. López-Garrido (2014)
Soil organic carbon storage in a no-tillage chronosequence under Mediterranean conditions
J. Álvaro-Fuentes (2012)
Comparison of modeling approaches to quantify residue architecture effects on soil temperature and water
J. A. Kozak (2007)
Effect of willow short rotation coppice on soil properties after three years of growth as compared to forest, grassland and arable land uses
M. Stauffer (2013)
Effects of Soil Management Practices on Key Soil Quality Indicators and Indices in Pearl Millet (Pennisetum americanum (L.) Leeke)–Based System in Hot Semi-arid Inceptisols
K. Sharma (2014)
Yield and yield components of irrigated rapeseed-wheat rotation as influenced by crop residues and nitrogen levels in a reduced tillage method.
A. Hejazi (2010)
Long-term effects of tillage method on soil tilth independent of wheel traffic compaction
W. Voorhees (1984)
Effect of long term no-till and conventional tillage practices on soil quality
I. Aziz (2013)
Long-Term No-tillage Effects on Soil Properties and Continuous Corn Yields
Isro Ismail (1994)
Long-term tillage and crop rotation effects on soil quality, organic carbon, and total nitrogen
L. V. Eerd (2014)
Soil carbon storage and stratification under different tillage systems in a semi-arid region
C. López-Fando (2011)
Growth analysis of soybean under no-tillage and conventional tillage systems
Raji I. Yusuf (1999)
Water Use and Yield of Canola under Dryland Conditions in the Central Great Plains
D. Nielsen (1997)
Tillage system effects on crop growth and production costs for a corn-soybean rotation.
H. J. Brown (1989)
Particulate soil organic-matter changes across a grassland cultivation sequence
C. Cambardella (1992)
No-tillage and conventional tillage effects on durum wheat yield, grain quality and soil moisture content in southern Italy
P. D. Vita (2007)
Keys to Soil Taxonomy
Anònim Anònim (2010)
Soil Water Accumulation under Different Precipitation, Potential Evaporation, and Straw Mulch Conditions
S. Ji (2001)
Soil-Water Characteristic Curves (SWCC) for Lime Treated Expansive Soil from Mosul City
S. Khattab (2006)
Influence of sorghum residues and tillage on soil organic matter and soil microbial biomass in an australian vertisol
P. G. Saffigna (1989)
Soil Bulk Density and Penetration Resistance under Different Tillage and Crop Management Systems and Their Relationship with Barley Root Growth
J. Lampurlanés (2003)
Conservation Tillage Impacts on National Soil and Atmospheric Carbon Levels
J. Kern (1993)
Long-term tillage and crop rotation effects on soil quality, organic carbon, and total nitrogen
L. V. EerdLaura (2014)
Agriculture in Iraq: Resources, potentials, constraints, research needs and priorities
A. Jaradat (2003)
Consistent plant residue removal causes decrease in minimum soil water content in a Mediterranean environment
P. Ward (2013)
Zero-tillage influence on canola, field pea and wheat in a dry subhumid region: agronomic and physiological responses
Sylvia Borstlap (1994)
Temperature and soil organic matter decomposition rates – synthesis of current knowledge and a way forward
R. Conant (2011)
Physiological and agronomic response of canola varieties to drought stress.
J. Din (2011)
Tillage, nitrogen and crop residue effects on crop yield, nutrient uptake, soil quality, and greenhouse gas emissions
S. Malhi (2006)
Oilseed Crops for Semiarid Cropping Systems in the Northern Great Plains
A. Johnston (2002)
Land forming and tillage effects on soil properties and productivity of rainfed groundnut (Arachis hypogaea L.)–rapeseed (Brassica campestris L.) cropping system in northeastern India
Kevizhalhou Kuotsu (2014)
The effects of tillage systems and crop rotations on soil water conservation, seedling establishment and crop yield
G. Lafond (1992)
Canola and mustard response to short periods of temperature and water stress at different developmental stages
Y. Gan (2004)
Twenty two years of tillage and mulching impacts on soil physical characteristics and carbon sequestration in Central Ohio
M. S. Kahlon (2013)
Under no-tillage and stubble retention, soil water content and crop growth are poorly related to soil water repellency
M. Roper (2013)
Winter cereal root growth and aboveground–belowground biomass ratios as affected by site and tillage system in dryland Mediterranean conditions
D. Plaza-Bonilla (2013)
Profile Water Distribution and Grain Yield as Affected by Cropping System and Tillage
C. Norwood (1994)

This paper is referenced by
Rainfall Characteristics and Effect of Selected Soil Management Practices on Soil Water Productivity in the Central Highlands of Kenya
Nathan Okoth Oduor (2018)
Soil Management and Tillage Practices for Growing Cotton Crop
M. Ali (2020)
Distribution of water-stable aggregates under soil tillage practices in a black soil hillslope cropland in Northeast China
Lei Yan (2019)
How does tillage intensity affect soil organic carbon? A systematic review protocol
Neal R Haddaway (2016)
Short-term effects of tillage and residue on spring maize yield through regulating root-shoot ratio in Northeast China
Debao You (2017)
Different soil tillage systems influence accumulation of soil organic matter in organic agriculture
Sergio Ferreira de Araujo Ademir (2016)
Long-term Effects of Tillage Practices on Soil Bacterial Community Abundance and Metabolic Diversity of Black Soil from Northeast China
Wang Cheng-yu (2018)
Response of maize leaf decomposition in litterbags and soil bags to different tillage intensities in a long-term field trial
S. Faust (2019)
Soil fertility inputs and tillage influence on maize crop performance and soil water content in the Central Highlands of Kenya
M. N. Kiboi (2019)
Soil evaporation studies using mini-lysimeters under differently established rice-wheat cropping sequence in Punjab, India
Rajan Bhatt (2017)
Crop residue and sulphur management in pearl millet – mustard cropping system under different tillage practices
M. Choudhary (2015)
Respiration response to different tillage intensities in transplanted soil columns
S. Faust (2019)
Soil water and mineral nitrogen content as influenced by crop rotation and tillage practice in the Swartland subregion of the Western Cape
Japie D Wiese (2016)
Benefits of flavonoids and straw mulch application on soil microbial activity in pea rhizosphere
Anna Siczek (2017)
Nutrient content, uptake and oil content of rapeseed as influenced by reduced tillage, mulching and INM practices
Nitumoni Mahanta (2019)
Conservation agriculture, conservation farming and conventional tillage adoption, efficiency and economic benefits in semi-arid Zimbabwe
Culver Mvumi (2017)
Modeling aggregate size distribution of eroded sediment resulting from rain-splash and raindrop impacted flow processes
Selen Deviren Saygin (2019)
Primitive Geometry Tillage Modeling
Elizabeth Frink (2016)
Long-term tillage and crop rotation effects on soil quality, organic carbon, and total nitrogen
L. V. Eerd (2014)
Long-term tillage and residue management effect on soil compaction and nitrate leaching in a Typic Haploxerert soil
I. Celik (2017)
18-year grass hedge effect on soil water loss and soil productivity on sloping cropland
Haitao Liu (2018)
Influence of reduced tillage, mulching and INM practices on growth and yield of late sown Toria under sali rice fallow
Nitumoni Mahanta and K Kurmi (2019)
Is the Period of 18 Years Sufficient for an Evaluation of Changes in Soil Organic Carbon under a Variety of Different Soil Management Practices?
Vladimír Šimanský (2017)
Zero Tillage Improves Soil Properties, Reduces Nitrogen Loss and Increases Productivity in a Rice Farmland in Ghana
Fuseini Issaka (2019)
Effects of nitrogen and phosphorus fertilizer on crop yields in a field pea-spring wheat-potato rotation system with calcareous soil in semi-arid environments
Chang-an Liu (2016)
Tillage effects on soil microbial biomass, SOM mineralization and enzyme activity in a semi-arid Calcixerepts
Vida Kabiri (2016)
Impact of tillage management on the short- and long-term soil carbon dioxide emissions in the dryland of Loess Plateau in China
Wenyi Dong (2017)
Changes in physico-chemical and biological properties of soil under conservation agriculture based pearl millet – mustard cropping system in rainfed semi-arid region
M. Choudhary (2019)
Six years of different tillage systems affected aggregate-associated SOM in a semi-arid loam soil from Central Iran
Vida Kabiri (2015)
Farmers' sustainable agriculture perception in Turkey: The case of Mersin province
S. Hayran (2018)
Delineating soil moisture dynamics as affected by tillage in wheat, Rice and establishment methods of rice during intervening period
R. Bhatt (2015)
Alison Andrei Schmatz (2014)
See more
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar