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Identification Of Aerodynamic Damping Matrix For Operating Wind Turbines

Chao Chen, P. Duffour, K. Dai, Ying Wang, P. Fromme
Published 2021 · Computer Science

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Abstract Accurate knowledge of wind turbine tower vibration damping is essential for the estimation of fatigue life. However, the responses in the fore-aft and side-side directions are coupled through the wind-rotor interaction under operational conditions. This causes energy transfers and complicates aerodynamic damping identification using conventional damping ratios. Employing a reduced two-degree of freedom wind turbine model developed in this paper, this coupling can be accurately expressed by an unconventional aerodynamic damping matrix. Simulated time series obtained from this model were successfully verified against the outputs from the wind turbine simulation tool FAST. Based on the reduced system obtained, a matrix-based identification method is proposed to identify the aerodynamic damping for numerically simulated wind turbine tower responses. Applying harmonic excitations to the tower allowed the frequency response functions of the wind turbine system to be obtained and the aerodynamic damping matrix to be extracted. Results from this identification were compared to traditional operational modal analysis methods including standard and modified stochastic subspace identification. The damping in the fore-aft direction was successfully identified by all methods, but results showed that the identified damping matrix performs better in capturing the aerodynamic damping and coupling for the side-side responses.
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