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Surface Modification Of Chitosan Films. Effects Of Hydrophobicity On Protein Adsorption.

Varawut Tangpasuthadol, Noppong Pongchaisirikul, Vipavee P. Hoven
Published 2003 · Chemistry, Biology, Medicine

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The surface of chitosan films was modified using acid chloride and acid anhydrides. Chemical composition at the film surface was analyzed by attenuated total reflectance Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy (ATR-FTIR) and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS). ATR-FTIR data verified that the substitution took place at the amino groups of chitosan, thus forming amide linkages, and the modification proceeded to the depth at least 1 microm. Choices of molecules substituted at the amino groups of the glucosamine units did affect the hydrophobicity of the film surface, as indicated by air-water contact angle analysis. The surface became more hydrophobic than that of non-modified film when a stearoyl group (C(17)H(35)CO-) was attached to the films. The reaction of chitosan films with succinic anhydride or phthalic anhydride, however, produced more hydrophilic films. Selected modified films were subjected to protein adsorption study. The amount of protein adsorbed, determined by bicinchoninic acid (BCA) assay, related to the types of attached molecules. The improved surface hydrophobicity affected by the stearoyl groups promoted protein adsorption. In contrast, selective adsorption behavior was observed in the case of the chitosan films modified with anhydride derivatives. Lysozyme adsorption was enhanced by H-bonding and charge attraction with the hydrophilic surface. While the amount of albumin adsorbed was decreased possibly due to negative charges that gave rise to repulsion between the modified surface and albumin. This study has demonstrated that it is conceivable to fine-tune surface properties which influence its response to bio-macromolecules by heterogeneous chemical modification.
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