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Squeeze-film Lubrication Of The Human Ankle Joint With Synovial Fluid Filtrated By Articular Cartilage With The Superficial Zone Worn Out.

M. Hlaváček
Published 2000 · Materials Science, Medicine

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A squeeze-film lubrication model of the human ankle joint in standing that takes into account the fluid transport across the articular surface is presented. Articular cartilage is a biphasic mixture of the ideal interstitial fluid and an elastic permeable isotropic homogeneous intrinsically incompressible matrix. The simple homogeneous model for articular cartilage models the case of early osteoarthritis, when the intact superficial zone of the normal articular cartilage, much stiffer in tension than the bulk material, has been already disrupted or worn out. The calculations indicate for this case that in normal approach motion the lubricating fluid film is quickly depleted and turned into a synovial gel film that is supposed to serve as a boundary lubricant if sliding motion follows
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