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Response Of Plant Antioxidant Defense Genes To Environmental Stress.

J. G. Scandalios
Published 1990 · Biology, Medicine

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Publisher Summary This chapter discusses the genomic responses of plants to the oxidative stress—particularly in maize . The chapter also discusses several mechanisms that the plants and other aerobes have evolved for protection against the toxic effects of reduced oxygen species. Particular emphasis is placed on the discussion of the molecular dissection of two antioxidant gene families—catalase and superoxide dismutase—in an effort to unravel the mechanisms by which the genome perceives and responds to oxidative stress signals. Among higher eukaryotes, plants have evolved diverse ways of responding to their environment. Plants have incorporated a variety of environmental signals into their developmental pathways that have provided for their wide range of adaptive capacities over time. An example of such an environmental signal is light that—in addition to driving photosynthesis—serves as a trigger and modulator of complex regulatory and developmental mechanisms. The chapter presents an example of photosynthesis to illustrate the catalase gene expression in maize.
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