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Induction Of Granulocytic Differentiation In Acute Promyelocytic Leukemia Cells (HL-60) By Water-soluble Chitosan Oligomer.
H. Pae, W. G. Seo, N. Y. Kim, G. S. Oh, G. E. Kim, Y. H. Kim, H. Kwak, Y. Yun, C. D. Jun, H. Chung
Published 2001 · Biology, Medicine
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Water-soluble chitosan oligomer (WSCO) has been reported to have anticancer activity, immuno-enhancing effect and antimicrobial activity. However, other biological activities are unknown. Herein, we have shown that WSCO is able to inhibit proliferation of human leukemia HL-60 cells and induce these cells to differentiate. Treatment with WSCO for 4 days resulted in a concentration-dependent reduction in HL-60 cell growth as measured by cell counting and MTT assay. This effect was accompanied by a marked increase in the proportion of G(0)/G(1) cells as measured by flow cytometry. WSCO also induced differentiation of the cells as measured by phorbol ester-dependent reduction of NBT, morphological changes as examined by Wright-Giemsa staining and expression of CD11b but not of CD14 as analysed by flow cytometry, indicating differentiation of HL-60 cells toward granulocyte-like cells. A combination of low dose of WSCO with all-trans retinoic acid, a differentiating agent toward granulocyte-like cells, exhibited a synergistic effect on the differentiation. In addition, treatment of HL-60 cells with WSCO for 6 or 8 days resulted in the induction of apoptosis as assayed qualitatively by agarose gel electrophoresis and quantitatively by Annexin V technique using flow cytometry. Collectively, there is a potential for WSCO in the treatment of myeloid leukemia.
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