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Chapter 14 – Molecular Characteristics And Cellular Roles Of Guanine Nucleotide Binding Proteins In Plant Cells

P. Millner, T. Carr
Published 1999 · Biology

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This chapter presents an inventory of the molecular characteristics and cellular roles of guanine nucleotide binding proteins in plant cells. It classifies the signal transducing GTPases within animal and fungal cells in to major subclasses and G-protein linked receptors and effectors. Evidence for plant G-proteins have been provided through an analysis of the effects of GTP analogues, cholera and pertussis toxins, other immunological evidence, and isolation and cloning of plant G-proteins. The chapter also discusses G-protein coupled receptors within plants. Currently, the consensus view is that all of the G-proteins so far discovered in animals and fungal cells are activated via cell surface localised receptors which characteristically possess seven transmembrane spanning regions (7 TMS-receptors). The archetypal 7TMS receptors are represented by visual rhodopsin and the α and β-adrenergic receptors. Whilst the evidence for 7TMS receptors as activators for plant G-proteins is presently scant, there are a number of pieces of circumstantial evidence that point to this transduction component.
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