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Clonazepam Release From Core-shell Type Nanoparticles In Vitro.

Y. Jeong, J. B. Cheon, S. H. Kim, J. W. Nah, Y. Lee, Y. Sung, T. Akaike, C. Cho
Published 1998 · Chemistry, Medicine

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Block copolymers consisting of poly(gamma-benzyl L-glutamate) (PBLG) as the hydrophobic block and poly(ethylene oxide) (PEO) as the hydrophilic block were synthesized and characterized. Core-shell type nanoparticles of the block copolymers (abbreviated as GE) were prepared by the diafiltration method. The particle size diameter obtained by dynamic light scattering of GE-1 (PBLG content: 60.5 mol%), GE-2 (PBLG content: 40.0 mol %), GE-3 (PBLG content: 124.4 mol %) copolymer was 309.9 +/- 160.9, 251.9 +/- 220.6 and 200.5 +/- 177.1nm, respectively. The shape of the nanoparticles by SEM or TEM was almost spherical. The critical micelle concentration of the block copolymers obtained by fluorescence spectroscopy was dependent on the chain length of hydrophobic PBLG. The micelle structure of the copolymers nanoparticle was very stable against sodium dodecyl sulfate. Clonazepam (CZ) was loaded onto the core part of the nanoparticle as the crystalline state. Release of CZ from the nanoparticles in vitro was dependent on the drug loading contents and PBLG chain length.
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