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Oxidative Stress And Some Antioxidant Systems In Acid Rain-treated Bean Plants Protective Role Of Exogenous Polyamines
V. Velikova, I. Yordanov, A. Edreva
Published 2000 · Biology
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The effect of simulated acid rain (AR) (pH 1.8) on H2O2 and malonyldialdehyde (MDA) levels and activities of peroxidase and catalase in bean plants were investigated. The influence of exogenous polyamines spermidine and spermine on these parameters was also studied. AR treatment induced lipid peroxidation and increased level of H2O2 in leaves. Pretreatment with spermidine and spermine prevented these changes. The protective effect of spermine was higher than that of spermidine. The impact of polyamines could be attributed to their acid neutralizing and antioxidant effects, as well as to their ability to stabilize membranes by associating with negatively charged phospholipids. It was also found that AR significantly increased peroxidase and decreased catalase activities at the first hours after treatment. Later, both enzyme activities were enhanced that could contribute to the scavenging and detoxification of active oxygen species. © 2000 Published by Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
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