Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.

Crossbreds Did Not Generate More Net Benefits Than Indigenous Goats In Ethiopian Smallholdings

W. Ayalew, B. Rischkowsky, J. King, E. Bruns
Published 2003 · Economics

Cite This
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Share
Abstract The assumption that crossbreds would be more productive than indigenous goats under improved management was behind a Dairy Goat Development Programme that introduced Anglo-Nubian×indigenous goats to smallholders in Ethiopian highlands between 1989 and 1997. The hypothesis was tested by collecting data on goat production, between July 1998 and June 1999, from farmers in the area. The net benefits of goats to a household were calculated by aggregating the value added by physical products (meat, manure, milk) to socio-economic benefits (saved interest/premium on credit/insurance) and deducting purchased inputs. The result was expressed as net benefit per unit of each major limiting resource: flock metabolic size, land, and labour. The unit net benefits from 33 flocks of indigenous goats under traditional management were compared with those from 35 mixed flocks of crossbred and indigenous goats under improved management in the Development Programme, using a fixed linear model to represent variation in unit net benefits per study group. Mixed flocks produced significantly higher unit net benefits than indigenous flocks for the available land and labour input. The assumption, that this superiority under improved management was due to the crossbred and not the indigenous goats, was then tested in 26 flocks containing both breed groups, and found to be false. The positive response of indigenous goats to improved management was confirmed in 29 flocks compared with 33 indigenous flocks under traditional management. It was concluded that household welfare could be improved in the crop–livestock mixed smallholder production system of the Ethiopian highlands by better management of indigenous goats without the extra organisational effort and cost of producing crossbreds. It remains to be seen if such improvements can be achieved without the incentive of exotic genotypes.
This paper references
10.2307/1292062
Soil Fertility and Fertilizers
S. L. Tisdale (1957)
Mixed farming : scope and constraints in West African Savannah
M. Slingerland (2000)
Feed factors affecting nutrient excretion by ruminants and the fate of nutrients when applied to soil
Z. C. Somda (1995)
10.2307/1240913
Livestock production systems and livestock development in tropical Africa.
Hans E. Jahnke (1982)
10.15517/AM.V13I2.12073
Nutrient requirements of goats.
J. Elizondo-Salazar (2002)
10.2134/1990.nitrogenincropproduction.c18
Efficient Use of Nitrogen in Cropping Systems
Bert R. Bock (1984)
10.5713/ajas.1996.215
Subsistence farmers' access to cattle via sharing in upland farming systems in East Java, Indonesia.
S. Ifar (1996)
10.1016/0308-521X(87)90066-7
Measures for assessing the productivity of sheep and goats
C. Peacock (1987)
10.1016/S0308-521X(96)00047-9
Measuring and interpreting the benefits of goat keeping in tropical farm systems
H. Bosman (1997)
Interactive effects of environment, management and mortality on cattle productivity in livestock systems in sub-Saharan Africa
P. D. Leeuw (1990)
Crossbreeding bos indicus and bos taurus for milk production in the tropics
E. P. Cunningham (1987)
10.1016/0308-521X(93)90034-Y
Livestock productivity assessment and modelling
M. Upton (1993)
10.1016/0378-4290(86)90087-0
Nitrogen in crop production: Edited by R.D. Hauck. American Society of Agronomy, Madison, Wisconsin, 1984, 804 pp. US$48.00 ISBN 0-89118-081-8
L. T. Evans (1986)
Analysis of pastoral camel husbandry in Northern Kenya.
B. Kaufmann (1998)
Selection in trypanotolerant cattle breeds in Africa
J. Trail (1988)
10.1016/0167-8809(94)00579-4
Criteria for sustainable livestock production: a proposal for implementation
J. D. Wit (1995)
Manure utilisation, drought cycles and herd dynamics in the Sahel: Implications for cropland productivity
T. Williams (1995)
Development Economics: From the Poverty to the Wealth of Nations
Y. Godo (1997)
Relevance of ruminants in upland mixed-farming systems in East Java, Indonesia
S. Ifar (1996)
Scaling, why is animal size so important?
K. Schmidt-Nielsen (1984)
10.1016/S0034-5288(18)32905-9
The influence of breed on the susceptibility of sheep of Haemonchus contortus infection in Kenya.
J. Preston (1979)
10.1016/0308-521X(85)90003-4
Measuring the benefits of subsistence versus commercial livestock production in Africa
R. Behnke (1985)
10.1098/rstb.1982.0028
The nitrogen cycle in long-term field experiments
D. Jenkinson (1982)
Smallholder Dairying in the Tropics
L. Falvey (1999)
Faecal excretion by ruminants and manure availability for crop production in semi-arid West Africa
S. Fernández-Rivera (1995)
10.1016/0308-521X(89)90060-7
Livestock productivity assessment and herd growth models
M. Upton (1989)
Animal Production in the Tropics
J. Pagot (1992)



This paper is referenced by
10.1016/j.vetpar.2011.11.056
Worms in smallholder livestock systems: technologies and practices that make a difference.
G O Gray (2012)
10.1111/j.1439-0388.2011.00970.x
Community-based alternative breeding plans for indigenous sheep breeds in four agro-ecological zones of Ethiopia.
T. Mirkena (2012)
Paramètres génétiques des ruminants et typologie socioéconomique des élevages en milieu rural Burundais
Josiane Manirakiza (2020)
10.7176/alst/73-03
Production Systems and Breeding Practices of Arab and Oromo Goat Keepers in Benishangul Gumuz Region, Northwestern Ethiopia: Implications for the Development of Community-based Breeding Programs
Sada Oumer (2019)
Conception et optimisation d’un programme de sélection de petits ruminants en milieu tropical : cas du caprin Créole en Guadeloupe
M. Gunia (2012)
The efficacy of Elephantorrhiza elephantina in the ethno-veterinary medicine for gastrointestinal parasites on goats: A review
Thobela Louis Tyasi (2015)
Production Performance, Challenges and Opportunity of Goat Production in Ethiopia
Matawork Milkias Gobena (2016)
Doctorat ParisTech T H È S E
Georges Rodriguez-Guisantes (2012)
SMALL RUMINANT HEALTH, TRAIT SELECTION AND GENETIC IMPROVEMENT IN ETHIOPIA, ACHIEVEMENTS, CHALLENGES AND LESSON LEARNT: A COMPREHENSIVE REVIEW
Kefyalew Alemayehu (2018)
Small stock in development.
T. Smith (2005)
Community-based breeding programs for adapted sheep breeds in Ethiopia
T. Mirkena (2010)
en vue d'une analyse de leurs performances
Mohamed Taher Sra (2009)
Optimizing alternative schemes of community-based breeding programs for two Ethiopian goat breeds
S. Abegaz (2014)
Smallholder Goat Breeding Systems in Humid, Sub-Humid and Semi Arid Agro-Ecological Zones of Uganda
Semakula Jimmy (2010)
10.5897/AJAR2013.10626
Review of sheep crossbreeding based on exotic sires and among indigenous breeds in the tropics: An Ethiopian perspective
T. Getachew (2016)
10.4038/TAR.V26I4.8136
Assessment of feeding and watering practices for raising goats in Punjab, Pakistan
M. S. Muhammad (2015)
10.20431/2454-6224.0507005
Phenotypic Characterization of Indigenous Goats in North Shewa Zone, Amhara Region, Ethiopia
Hailu Tilahun (2019)
10.1017/S0014479708006376
SMALL RUMINANT PRODUCTION IN TWO MIXED-FARMING SYSTEMS OF SOUTHERN ETHIOPIA: STATUS AND PROSPECTS FOR IMPROVEMENT
G. Legesse (2008)
10.1016/J.SMALLRUMRES.2008.03.013
Intensive grazing system for small ruminants in the Tropics: The French West Indies experience and perspectives
M. Mahieu (2008)
10.1007/s11250-008-9235-1
Goat farming systems in Martinique: management and breeding strategies
Gisèle Alexandre (2008)
10.1016/J.SMALLRUMRES.2011.11.014
Milk production, composition and variation at different lactation stages of four goat breeds in Ethiopia
T. A. Mestawet (2012)
10.5897/AJB10.687
Behavioural responses of four goat genotypes to successive handling at the farm.
Saymore Petros Ndou (2010)
An evaluation of selected Brachiaria cultivars on the weight change of Galla goats in the Coastal lowlands of Kenya
Peggy M. Ngila (2017)
10.17485/IJST/2011/V4I7/30122
The approach of indigenous compilation and formal knowledge to sustain rural settlement with emphasis on animal husbandry activities in the geographical area of North East Iran Khaf
M. Taleshi (2011)
10.1111/jbg.12080
Optimizing the use of breed types in developing country livestock production systems: a neglected research area.
K. Marshall (2014)
10.14288/1.0384551
The relationships between livestock and human wealth, health, and wellbeing in a rural Maasai community of southwestern Kenya
C. Glass (2019)
Assessment of sheep production and marketing system in Shashogo Woreda Hadiya zone , Southern Ethiopia
Ergena Madebo (2018)
Design of community based breeding programs for two indigenous goat breeds of Ethiopia
S. Abegaz (2014)
10.1016/J.SMALLRUMRES.2005.06.005
Goat meat production in harsh environments
G. Alexandre (2005)
10.1017/S1751731110001412
Production systems of Creole goat and their implications for a breeding programme.
Martin Gunia (2010)
10.1016/J.SMALLRUMRES.2014.07.017
Effects of crossbreeding and mutations at the αs1-CN gene in Ethiopian and crossbred goats on casein content, and coagulation properties of their milks. A short review
T. A. Mestawet (2014)
10.1007/978-3-319-71855-2_3
Goat Production in Eastern Africa: Practices, Breed Characteristics, and Opportunities for Their Sustainability
Anne Thairu Muigai (2017)
See more
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar