Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.

Deficit Irrigation And Nitrogen Effects On Maize In A Sahelian Environment: II. Shoot Growth, Nitrogen Uptake And Water Extraction

R. K. Pandey, J. W. Maranville, M. M. Chetima
Published 2000 · Economics

Cite This
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Share
Abstract Maize growth in arid and semiarid regions is often limited by variation in the amount and frequency of irrigation or rainfall. Sub-optimal supply of nitrogen (N) may further curtail growth and development of the crop. Simultaneous optimization of these two inputs provides optimum conditions for crop growth and productivity. A maize ( Zea mays L.) crop was subjected to different periods of deficit irrigation and rates of N in the field on a medium-deep Tropudalf clay loam soil. Water deficit effects on shoot growth, N uptake and water extraction with varying level of N supply were analyzed to determine their inter-relationships. Water deficit was created by withholding irrigation at different stages of crop development. Increasing moisture stress resulted in progressively less leaf area, crop growth rate (CGR), plant height, shoot dry matter and harvest index. Mean increase in above ground biomass was 7.7 and 8.7 kg per mm of water used in the 1996/1997 and 1997/1998 seasons, respectively. Deficit irrigation stress indices (DISI) for above ground biomass when the crop was subjected to a 2 week stress was 11.0 and 20.1 compared to 4 week stress values of 3.2 and 16.5 in the 1996/1997 and 1997/1998, respectively, indicating greater stress the first season during vegetative growth. When deficit irrigation was increased to 8 weeks, DISI values were 34.1 and 39.8 for the respective seasons. Biomass production response to N in both years was quadratic; however, N response differed with irrigation level in both seasons. Highest biomass yield with no irrigation deficit was obtained at 120 kg N in 1996/1997 and at 160 kg N ha −1 in 1997. Nitrogen uptake was more dependent on applied N than water supply although N uptake decreased with greater water and N deficits. Water extraction was highest at the 120 and 160 kg N ha −1 rates with soil water deficit. This study showed that a maize crop differs in its ability to maintain LAI, CGR and above ground dry matter production at different levels of water deficit and N supply. The adaptive strategy of maize plants under vegetative water stress appears to be extended rooting depth and water extraction from the deeper soil profile, and simultaneous reduction in leaf area to decrease transpiration. Optimizing the inputs of water and N at the farm level would maximize biomass production and harvest index. This information can be useful to guide crop management strategy to enhance maize production in the irrigated perimeter of a Sahelian environment.
This paper references
10.2134/agronj1992.00021962008400010021x
Short- and Long-Term Responses of Corn to a Pre-Anthesis Soil Water Deficit
D. S. Nesmith (1992)
10.4141/cjps94-087
Influence of N supply on development and dry matter accumulation of an old and a new maize hybrid
D. McCullough (1994)
De ® cit irrigation and nitrogen effects on maize in a Sahelian envrionment . I . Grain yield and yield components
R. K. Pandey (2000)
De®cit irrigation and nitrogen effects on maize in a Sahelian
R. K. Pandey (2000)
Using a chlorophyll meter to estimate speci®c leaf nitrogen of tropical
S. C. Chapman (1997)
Regulation of carbon metabolism
G. Akoyunoglou (1981)
10.2135/cropsci1965.0011183X000500030004x
Vegetative of Corn as Affected by Population Density. I. Productivity in Relation to Interception of Solar Radiation 1
W. Williams (1965)
10.2134/agronj1993.00021962008500020033x
Growth, Yield, and Quality of Forage Maize Under Different Nitrogen Management Practices
W. Cox (1993)
maize during vegetative growth
W. J. Cox (1993)
10.2134/agronj1984.00021962007600030014x
Irrigated Corn Yield Response to Nitrogen and Water 1
H. V. Eck (1984)
Vegetative growth of corn as affected by population density I. Productivity in relation to interception of solar radiation
W. A. Williams (1965)
10.1016/0378-4290(88)90055-X
Effect of nitrogen supply on the comparative productivity of maize and sorghum in a semi-arid tropical environment I. Leaf growth and leaf nitrogen
R. C. Muchow (1988)
Effects of water de ® cits on yield , yield components , and water use ef ® ciency of irrigated corn
H. V. Eck (1985)
10.2134/agronj1984.00021962007600040009x
Drought response of grain legumes under irrigation gradient. I. Yield and yield components
R. Pandey (1984)
10.2134/agronj1988.00021962008000060005x
Interactive Water and Nitrogen Effects on Senescence of Maize. II. Photosynthetic Decline and Longevity of Individual Leaves
D. Wolfe (1988)
10.2134/agronj1997.00021962008900040004x
Using a chlorophyll meter to estimate specific leaf nitrogen of tropical maize during vegetative growth
S. Chapman (1997)
10.2134/agronj1986.00021962007800060020x
Effects of Water Deficits on Yield, Yield Components, and Water Use Efficiency of Irrigated Corn 1
H. V. Eck (1986)
Photosynthetic distribution and metabolic fate in relation to nitrogen metabolism in wheat seedlings
M. L. Champigny (1981)
10.2134/agronj1995.00021962008700030011x
Estimation of leaf area index for cotton canopies using the LI-COR LAI-2000 plant canopy analyzer
S. K. Hicks (1995)
10.2134/agronj1986.00021962007800040028x
Effect of nitrogen on root growth of two corn genotypes in the field
A. Mackay (1986)
10.2134/agronj1993.00021962008500010027x
Root development and nitrogen influx of corn genotypes grown under combined drought and nitrogen stresses
B. Eghball (1993)
10.1104/pp.46.2.233
Leaf enlargement and metabolic rates in corn, soybean, and sunflower at various leaf water potentials.
John S. Boyer (1970)
10.2134/jpa1995.0056
Use of a Chlorophyll Meter to Monitor Nitrogen Status and Schedule Fertigation for Corn
T. Blackmer (1995)
10.1104/pp.48.5.631
Immediate and subsequent growth responses of maize leaves to changes in water status.
E. Acevedo (1971)
10.2134/agronj1991.00021962008300050009x
Instrument for indirect measurement of canopy architecture
J. M. Welles (1991)
Immediate and subsequent growth response of maize
E. Acevedo (1971)
10.2134/agronj1992.00021962008400050029x
RE: Reply to comments by J.R. Kiniry concerning NeSmith, D.S., and J.T. Ritchie. 1992. Short- and Long-Term responses of corn to a preanthesis soil water deficit. 84:107-113
D. S. Nesmith (1992)
Short - and long - term response of corn to a preanthesis soil water de ® cit
D. S. NeSmith (1992)
10.1007/BF02180053
Nitrogen and plant production
R. Novoa (1981)
Conjunctive use of rainfall and irrigation in semi-arid regions. In: Proc. Intl. Workship. Soil, Crop and Water Management Systems for Rainfed Agriculture in the Sudano-Sahelian Zone
B. A. Stewart (1989)
10.1016/S0378-3774(00)00073-1
Deficit irrigation and nitrogen effects on maize in a Sahelian environment: I. Grain yield and yield components
R. K. Pandey (2000)
Effect of assimilate partitioning during the grain ®lling period of maize on dry matter accumulation
M. Tollenaar (1986)
How a corn plant develops
J. Hanway (1966)
10.1016/S0065-2113(08)60551-9
Nitrogen Stress in Plants
E. Greenwood (1976)
10.2134/agronj1987.00021962007900030001x
Nitrogen fertility and irrigation influence on grain sorghum nitrogen efficiency
T. R. Zweifel (1987)
10.2134/agronj1993.00021962008500020023x
Fractal analysis for morphological description of corn roots under nitrogen stress
B. Eghball (1993)
10.2134/agronj1960.00021962005200050010x
The effects of soil moisture stress at different stages of growth on the development and yield of corn.
O. Denmead (1960)
10.1016/B978-0-12-024301-3.50007-1
Conjunctive Use of Rainfall and Irrigation in Semiarid Regions
B. Stewart (1982)
1993a. Root development and nitrogen in ̄ux of corn genotypes
J Agron. (1993)



This paper is referenced by
Investigation on yield and yield components of Zea mays L. under drought stress condition
Arash Azarpanah (2012)
10.1016/J.AGRFORMET.2009.02.012
Limits to maize productivity in Western Corn-Belt: A simulation analysis for fully irrigated and rainfed conditions
P. Grassini (2009)
اثر منبع کود نیتروژن بر عملکرد و اسانس ریحان (.Ocimum basilicum L) و عملکرد ذرت علوفهای (.Zea mays L) در کشت مخلوط
مهدی پناهیان گیوی (2019)
10.2134/ADVAGRICSYSTMODEL5.C2
Modeling for Best Management of the Effects of Irrigation Frequencies, Initial Water, and Nitrogen on Corn
Swaran Saseendran (2014)
10.1016/J.AGWAT.2016.12.014
Comparison of deficit irrigation management strategies on root, plant growth and biomass productivity of silage maize
M. Gheysari (2017)
Effect of Different Methods of Soil Fertility on Grain Yield and Chickpea Quality
K. Mohammadi (2010)
10.1111/J.1439-037X.2004.00085.X
Influence of Water Deficit on Uptake and Distribution of Nitrogen in Soybeans Monitored by Soil Injected 15N
H. Herzog (2004)
Nitrogen levels and its time of application influence leaf area, height and biomass of maize planted at low and high density.
Amanullah (2009)
10.4236/AS.2015.65055
Performance Evaluation of Gated Pipes Technique for Improving Surface Irrigation Efficiency in Maize Hybrids
O. A. Mirghani Ali (2015)
An overview of Zea mays for the improvement of yield and quality traits through conventional breeding
Qurban Ali (2014)
10.1080/01904167.2012.733050
MAIZE RESPONSE TO YIELD AND YIELD TRAITS WITH DIFFERENT NITROGEN AND DENSITY UNDER CLIMATE VARIABILITY
Mohammad Asim (2013)
10.1016/J.AGWAT.2018.09.010
Reducing basal nitrogen rate to improve maize seedling growth, water and nitrogen use efficiencies under drought stress by optimizing root morphology and distribution
Y. Wang (2019)
Agronomic Performance and Grain Yield of Mexican Purple Corn Populations from Ixtenco, Tlaxcala
Carmen Gabriela Mendoza Mendoza (2020)
10.1007/s11738-012-1018-7
Effects of drought stress on phosphorus and potassium uptake dynamics in summer maize (Zea mays) throughout the growth cycle
T. Ge (2012)
10.4236/AJPS.2017.89153
Analysis of Adaptive Response of Maize (Zea mays) Varieties from DR-Congo to Water Stress
Jean Pierre Kabongo Tshiabukole (2017)
10.1080/00103624.2011.577856
The Effect of Phosphorus, Mucuna, and Nitrogen on the Biomass, Leaf Area Index, and Foliar Nutrient Content of Maize on a Depleted Sandy Loam Soil in Zimbabwe
Munashe Shoko (2011)
10.1016/j.njas.2020.100321
“Biomass production and yield in irrigated maize at different rates of nitrogen in a semi-arid climate”
Horacio López Córcoles (2020)
10.1081/PLN-200052635
Effects of Irrigation and Nitrogen Rates on Growth, Yield, and Quality of Muskmelon in Semiarid Regions
H. Kırnak (2005)
10.1016/J.BIORTECH.2007.10.005
Willow water uptake and shoot extension growth in response to nutrient and moisture on a clay landfill cap soil.
P. Martin (2008)
Influence of soil supplementation with nitrogen and magnesium on the size of assimilation area of maize cultivars (Zea mays L.) differing in genetic profile
Piotr Szulc (2013)
Acacia nilotica SUBSP. HEMISPHERICA: AT THE BRINK OF EXTINCTION
Haider Abbas (2013)
10.1080/01904167.2010.503829
DIFFERENTIAL RESPONSES OF YIELD AND SELECTED NUTRITIONAL COMPOSITIONS TO DROUGHT STRESS IN SUMMER MAIZE GRAINS
Ti Da Ge (2010)
10.5897/AJAR2013.8009
Reduction of soil water content fluctuations and soil temperature variations under retrievable drip irrigation
Khumbulani Dhavu (2014)
10.1270/jsbbs.65.298
Genetic variation for maize root architecture in response to drought stress at the seedling stage
Rongyao Li (2015)
10.1007/s00271-008-0131-2
Dry matter, harvest index, grain yield and water use efficiency as affected by water supply in winter wheat
X. Zhang (2008)
10.1071/CP12024
Agronomic and economic evaluation of irrigation strategies on cotton lint yield in Australia
Davide Cammarano (2012)
10.1590/1807-1929/agriambi.v23n10p747-753
Growth, production and water and nitrogen use efficiency of maize under water depths and nitrogen fertilization
David Campelo (2019)
10.1016/S0378-3774(02)00161-0
Deficit irrigation effects on sweet corn (Zea mays saccharata Sturt) with drip irrigation system in a semi-arid region: I. Water-yield relationship
A. Öktem (2003)
10.1016/J.FCR.2004.01.005
Effect of water stress at different development stages on vegetative and reproductive growth of corn
R. Cakir (2004)
10.1590/S0103-90162008000600002
Growth and yield of corn irrigated with saline water
F. Blanco (2008)
10.1111/J.1439-037X.2009.00369.X
Performance of Agricultural Systems under Contrasting Growing Season Conditions in South-western Quebec
J. J. Almaráz (2009)
10.1111/j.1399-3054.2012.01711.x
Apoplastic infusion of sucrose into stem internodes during female flowering does not increase grain yield in maize plants grown under nitrogen-limiting conditions.
Yunfeng Peng (2013)
See more
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar