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Superior Laryngeal Nerve Paresis And Paralysis.

G. Dursun, R. Sataloff, J. Spiegel, S. Mandel, R. Heuer, D. Rosen
Published 1996 · Psychology, Medicine

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Superior laryngeal nerve paresis and paralysis are relatively common but often difficult to diagnose with certainty. They are most commonly caused by viral infections, though other etiologies must be considered. A thorough history and physical examination, including strobovideolaryngoscopy and laryngeal electromyography, are needed for definitive diagnosis. It is essential to establish the diagnosis accurately to differentiate an apparent superior laryngeal nerve paresis from other conditions, such as myasthenia gravis. Laryngeal electromyography is used to confirm clinical impressions, as a guide for therapy, and as one measure of recovery. In our experience, accurate and early diagnosis assure the best phonatory outcome by directing therapy that will prevent or eliminate compensatory vocal abuses, which may themselves lead to even more serious vocal injury.
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