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Glycolipid Antigen For Use In Diagnostic Assays For Bovine Tuberculosis.
Published 1997 · Biology, Medicine
A glycolipid antigen, was isolated, purified and characterized from Mycobacterium bovis An5. Chemical analysis (thin-layer chromatography, nuclear magnetic resonance and infrared spectra) showed that this glycolipid was a 2,3-di-O-acyl trehalose (DAT), similar to the DAT of M. tuberculosis. This antigen was used to establish ELISA-based serodiagnostic tests for M. bovis-infected cattle. The sensitivity and specificity of the assay were investigated using sera of cattle from tuberculosis-free herds and from tuberculosis-infected herds. No correlation was found between DAT-ELISA and the skin test, nor between DAT-ELISA and interferon-gamma with bovine purified protein derivative. The antibody titres were not related to cell-mediated immunity. Although the antigen was highly specific (95.9%), the sensitivity of DAT-ELISA, as judged from assays in bacteriologically confirmed tuberculosis, was low (29 to 36.8%). The low sensitivity of ELISA might also be attributed to a reciprocal relationship between B-cell proliferation and T-cell protective immunity.