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Acute Presentation Of Stroke.

C. Lewandowski, R. Libman
Published 1999 · Medicine

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The National Institute of Neurologic Disorders and Stroke (NINDS), a branch of the National Institutes of Health, defines stroke as sudden loss of brain function resulting from an interference with the blood supply to the brain. This definition clearly limits stroke to an acute vascular phenomena involving the brain and encompassing both hemorrhagic and ischemic events. Approximately 15% of strokes are hemorrhagic (including intracerebral hemorrhage and subarachnoid hemorrhage), and 85% are ischemic. The mortality rate for hemorrhagic stroke can be as high as 50% and is approximately 20% for ischemic strokes of all types, but ultimate outcome and function are related to the subtype of stroke. In this section, an understanding of the acute presentation and initial management of stroke is provided. Acute stroke syndromes and their diagnosis, the differential diagnosis of acute stroke, and the initial management and stabilization of acute stroke patients are reviewed.
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