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Toxin Detection By Si Photosensitive Biosensors With A New Measurement Scheme.
Published 2011 · Materials Science, Medicine
We propose a new type of photosensitive biosensor with a CMOS compatible Si photodiode integrated circuit, for the high-sensitive detection of small mycotoxin molecules requiring competitive assay approach. In this work, a photodiode is connected to the gate of a field effect transistor (FET) so that the open circuit voltage (V(OC)) of the illuminated photodiode is transferred into the drain/source current (I(DS)) of the FET. The sensing scheme employs competitive binding of toxin molecules (within the sample solution) and toxin-BSA conjugates (immobilized on the photodiode surface) with Au-nanoparticle-labeled antibodies, followed by silver enhancement to generate opaque structures on the photodiode surface. By utilizing the non-linear dependence of the V(OC) on the light intensity, we can maintain a sufficiently high signal resolution at low toxin concentrations (with most of the incident light blocked) for the competitive assay. By monitoring the I(DS) of the FET whose gate is driven by the V(OC), quantitative detection of Aflatoxin B1 has been achieved in the range of 0-15ppb.