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Hydrogen Peroxide Decomposition On Manganese Oxide (pyrolusite): Kinetics, Intermediates, And Mechanism.

Si-Hyun Do, B. Batchelor, Hong-Kyun Lee, Sung-Ho Kong
Published 2009 · Chemistry, Medicine

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The objective of this study is the kinetic interpretation of hydrogen peroxide decomposition on manganese oxide (pyrolusite) and the explanation of the reaction mechanism including the hydroperoxide/superoxide anion. The decomposition of hydrogen peroxide on manganese oxide at pH 7 was represented by a pseudo first-order model. The maximum value of the observed first-order rates constants (k(obs)) was 0.741 min(-1) at 11.8 of [H(2)O(2)]/[triple bond MnO(2)] when [H(2)O(2)]/[triple bond MnO(2)] were ranged from 58.8 to 3.92. The pseudo first-order rate constants (kMnO(2)) approximated as the average value of 0.025 (min mM)(-1) with a standard deviation of 0.003 at [H(2)O(2)]/[triple bond MnO(2)] ranged from 39.2 to 11.8. When [H(2)O(2)]/[triple bond MnO(2)] was 3.92, the rate constants (kMnO(2)) was 0.061 (min mM)(-1) as maximum. Oxygen production showed that the initial rates increased with decreasing [H(2)O(2)]/[triple bond MnO(2)] and the total amounts of oxygen was slightly less than the stoichiometric value (0.5) in most experiments. However, oxygen was produced at more than 0.5 in low [H(2)O(2)]/[triple bond MnO(2)] (i.e. 3.92 and 9.79). The relative production of hydroperoxide/superoxide anion implied that the production increased with low [H(2)O(2)]/[triple bond MnO(2)], and the existence of anions suggested that the mechanism includes propagation reactions with intermediates such as hydroperoxide/superoxide anion in solution. In addition, both [H(2)O(2)] decomposition and the production of anion were accelerated in alkaline solution. Manganese ion dissolved into solution was negligible in neutral and alkaline conditions, but it greatly increased in acidic conditions.
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