Online citations, reference lists, and bibliographies.

Effect Of Water Stress At Different Development Stages On Vegetative And Reproductive Growth Of Corn

R. Cakir
Published 2004 · Biology

Cite This
Download PDF
Analyze on Scholarcy
Abstract A field study was carried out from 1995 to 1997 in order to determine the effect of irrigation and water stress imposed at different development stages on vegetative growth, grain yield and other yield components of corn (Zea mays L.). The field trials were conducted on a silty loam Entisol soil, with Pioneer 3377 corn hybrid. A randomised complete block design with three replications was used. Four known growth stages of the plant were considered and a total of 16 (including rain fed) irrigation treatments were applied. The effect of irrigation or water stress at any stage of development on plant height, leaf area index, grain yield per hectare, as well number of ears per plant, grain yield per cob and 1000 kernels weight, were evaluated. Results of this 3-year study show that all vegetative and yield parameters were significantly affected by water shortage in the soil profile due to omitted irrigation during the sensitive tasselling and cob formation stages. Water stress occurring during vegetative and tasselling stages reduced plant height, as well as leaf area development. Short-duration water deficits during the rapid vegetative growth period caused 28–32% loss of final dry matter weight. Highest yields were observed in the fully irrigated control (VTCM) and the treatment which allowed water stress during the vegetative growth stage (TCM). Even a single irrigation omission during one of the sensitive growth stages, caused up to 40% grain yield losses during dry years such as 1996. Much greater losses of 66–93% could be expected as a result of prolonged water stress during tasselling and ear formation stages. Seasonal irrigation water amounts required for non-stressed production varied by year from 390 to 575 mm. Yield response factor (ky) values (unitless parameter) relating yield loss to water deficits) obtained for the first, second and third experimental years were determined to be 1.22, 1.36 and 0.81, respectively.
This paper references
Eight cycles of selection for drought tolerance in lowland tropical maize. III. Responses in drought-adaptive physiological and morphological traits
J. Bolaños (1993)
How a corn plant develops
J. Hanway (1966)
Yield response to water
J. Doorenbos (1979)
Analysis of deficit irrigation strategies for corn using crop growth simulation
C. Stockle (2004)
Deficit irrigation and nitrogen effects on maize in a Sahelian environment: I. Grain yield and yield components
R. K. Pandey (2000)
Proposed standard system of nomenclature for maize grain filling events and concepts
R. Salvador (1995)
Corn and alfalfa production as influenced by limited irrigation
A. Retta (2004)
Evaluation of crop water stress index for LEPA irrigated corn
A. Yazar (1999)
Water deficit effects on corn. 2. Grain components.
M. Claassen (1970)
Timing of the First Irrigation in Corn and Water Stress Conditioning
A. O. Jama (1993)
Drip irrigation of corn in the Southeast Anatolia Project (GAP) Area in Turkey
A. Yazar (2002)
Loss of Kernel Set Due to Water Deficit and Shade in Maize
T. Setter (2001)
Reproduction at low silk and pollen water potentials in maize
M. Westgate (1986)
Plant Responses to Water Stress
Theodore C. Hsiao (1973)
Some Effects of Severe Soil Moisture Deficits at Specific Growth Stages in Corn 1
J. Robins (1953)
Starch and the control of kernel number in maize at low water potentials.
C. Zinselmeier (1999)
T. Howell (1997)
Growth and yield of rice cultivars under sprinkler irrigation in south-eastern Queensland. 2. Comparison with maize and grain sorghum under wet and dry conditions
P. Inthapan (1988)
A leaf area model to simulate cultivar-specific expansion and senescence of maize leaves
J. Lizaso (2003)
Drought-induced Changes in Shoot and Root Growth of Young Cotton Plants
H. T. Cralle (1999)
Deficit irrigation and nitrogen effects on maize in a Sahelian environment: II. Shoot growth, nitrogen uptake and water extraction
R. K. Pandey (2000)
Simulation of Maize Yield under Water Stress with the EPICphase and CROPWAT Models
J. Cavero (2000)
Short- and Long-Term Responses of Corn to a Pre-Anthesis Soil Water Deficit
D. S. Nesmith (1992)
Water Use - Production Relationship of Maize under Tekirdag Conditions in Turkey
A. Istanbulluoğlu (2002)
Irrigated corn yield response to water
J. Musick (1980)

This paper is referenced by
Agroclimatic characterization of Lesotho for dryland maize production
M. Moeletsi (2004)
The effect of potassium chloride on vegetative parameters of sorghum inoculated with mycorrhizal fungi (Glumus mossea) under water stress condition
A. Mehraban (2018)
Discriminating Irrigated and Rainfed Maize with Diurnal Fluorescence and Canopy Temperature Airborne Maps
M. Rossini (2015)
Analysis and Modelling of the Effects of Water Stress on Maize Growth and Yield in Dryland Conditions
Y. Song (2010)
Assessing the Uncertainty when Using a Model to Compare Irrigation Strategies
Daniel Wallach (2012)
An evaluation and comparison of drip and conventional furrow irrigation methods on maize
Houshang Ghamarnia (2013)
Partitioning evapotranspiration, yield prediction and economic returns of maize under various irrigation management strategies
Paula Paredes (2014)
Influence of Water Stress and Plant Density on some Characteristics in corn
Aliakbar Bahadori (2015)
Mapping Spatio-Temporal Changes in Climatic Suitability of Corn in the Philippines under Future Climate Condition
Arnold R. Salvacion (2017)
Growth and Uptake of Sodium and Potassium in Broad Bean (Vicia faba L.) under Salinity Stress
F. Bulut (2011)
Optimizing water use efficiency and economic return of super high yield spring maize under drip irrigation and plastic mulching in arid areas of China
Guoqiang Zhang (2017)
Screening for drought tolerance in Brassica rapa L.: from genetic variation to gene expression
Yiming Guo (2015)
Evaluation of Different Maize Varieties ( zea mays L . ) for Drought Tolerance in Relation to Root and yield Parameters in Gaya LGA Sudan Savannah
Sarkin Fulani (2015)
Different Time Windows Provide Divergent Estimates of Climate Variability and Change Impacts on Maize Yield in Northeast China
Xi Deng (2019)
Compensatory mechanisms to climate change in the widely distributed species Silene vulgaris
Sandra M. Kahl (2019)
Effects of Straw Mulch and Manure on Moisture Conservation, Yield and Yield Components of Maize (Zea Mays L.) in the Mid Rift Valley of Oromia, Ethiopia
Ayub Jelde (2020)
Heterosis and proportional contribution of Line × Tester interaction and gene action in different maize hybrids under water regimes.
I. R. Noorka (2015)
Comparison effect organic humic fertilizers the dry matter maize genotypes in Ardabil region
M. Jafari (2012)
The crops of bean and maize under dry land conditions in the state of Zacatecas, Mexico from 1980 to 2008
M. L. Flores (2012)
Yield, quality and irrigation water use of drip-irrigated silage maize with different irrigation techniques.
S. Ors (2015)
Maize Response to Soil Conditioning and Irrigation Regimes
M. Khan (2016)
Bazı Silajlık Sorgum (Sorghum bicolor L. Moench) Çeşitlerinin Çimlenmesi ve Fide Gelişimi Üzerine Tuz Stresinin Etkileri
İbrahim Atiş (2011)
Mayze grain yield under different sprinkler irrigation systems.
Vladirene Macedo Vieira (2013)
Deficit irrigation in maize for reducing agricultural water use in a Mediterranean environment
I. Farre (2009)
Design of efficient hydroponic nutrient solution control system using soft computing based solution grading
Melvix J. S. M. Lenord (2014)
Soil inoculation with Burkholderia sp. LD-11 has positive effect on water-use efficiency in inbred lines of maize
Xianwei Fan (2015)
Response of sugar cane to limitation hydric and nitrogen dose
Renato Campos de Oliveira (2016)
Combinations of plant water-stress and neonicotinoids can lead to secondary outbreaks of Banks grass mite (Oligonychus pratensis Banks)
Alice Ruckert (2018)
Differential impact of remotely sensed dry dekads on maize yield in Zimbabwe
Farai Kuri (2019)
Morphology, Biomass, and Vessel Diameter of Pigeon Pea Subjected to Water Stress
Monty A. Porter (2011)
Genetic Variation for Maize Epicuticular Wax Response to Drought Stress at Flowering: Maize Epicuticular Wax Response to Drought
M J Meeks (2012)
Deficit irrigation scheduling of maize in the semi-arid area of northeast China
Guanghua Yin (2013)
See more
Semantic Scholar Logo Some data provided by SemanticScholar