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Antinociceptive Effect Of Intravenous Regional Analgesia In Horses Underwent Selected Short-Time Distal Limb Surgeries.

A. Samy, M. Elmetwally, S. El-Khodery
Published 2020 · Medicine

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The aim of the present study was to establish appropriate doses for both lidocaine hydrochloride (Hcl) and mepivacaine in intravenous regional analgesia (IVRA) and to assess their intraoperative and postoperative analgesic effects in horses with distal limb surgeries. A total of 55 draft horses were included in the present study. Six clinically healthy horses were selected randomly for establishing the doses of lidocaine Hcl and mepivacaine in IVRA in horse limbs. After selection, 32 horses suffered from various distal limb surgical affections were randomly allocated into three groups: thiopental group (n = 6), animals were operated under general anesthesia using thiopental sodium; IVRA-LID group (n = 12), animals were operated under both general anesthesia and IVRA using lidocaine Hcl; and IVRA-MEP group (n = 14), horses were operated under both general anesthesia and IVRA using mepivacaine. Postoperative pain was measured using both Horse Grimace Pain Scale and multifactorial numerical rating composite pain. The results showed that conjunction of IVRA along with thiopental general anesthesia using either lidocaine or mepivacaine significantly decreased the total required doses of thiopental sodium during the operations and significantly increased the duration of postoperative analgesia to 60 and 150 minutes using lidocaine and mepivacaine, respectively. In conclusion, the uses of local IVRA before distal limb surgery improve the depth of general anesthesia and reduced postoperative pain, despite thiopental anesthesia alone. Mepivacaine is superior to lidocaine in IVRA, with a longer duration of action.
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