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Effects Of Repeated Nerve Injuries At Different Time Intervals On Functional Recovery And Nerve Innervation

Mika Karasawa, K. Yokouchi, K. Kawagishi, T. Moriizumi, N. Fukushima
Published 2018 · Medicine

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Effects of repeated nerve injuries on functional recovery and nerve innervation were examined in rodents. Crush injuries of the sciatic nerve were inflicted on adult rats and repeated twice or thrice at different time intervals of 1, 2, 3, and 4 weeks. Motor function was assessed by the static sciatic index at 1, 7, 14, 21, 28, 35, 42, 49, and 56 days after the final crush. The rates of nerve innervation of the tibialis anterior muscle, a main muscle innervated by the common peroneal nerve, were evaluated by the quantification of βIII-tubulin-positive nerve terminals and α-bungarotoxin-positive acetylcholine receptors 21 and 56 days after the final crush of triple nerve injuries at 1-, 2-, 3-, and 4-week intervals. Compared with single nerve crush injury, delayed recovery of motor function was observed in repeated crush injuries. In addition, recoveries in the triple crush groups were slower than those in the double crush groups. The rates of reinnervation were lower in the triple crush groups than in the single crush groups, both at 21 days (single: 59.7%; triple: 54.1%-56.1%) and 56 days (single: 88.8%; triple: 72.5%-83.0%) after the final crush, except in the groups with 1-week (triple: 73.8%) and 2-week (triple: 70.5%) intervals at 21 days after the final crush. We concluded that the recovery of motor function was delayed according to the number of repetitions of crush injuries, and that the rates of nerve innervation were still low in the triple crush groups 8 weeks after the final crush.
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