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Two-phase Electrospinning To Incorporate Growth Factors Loaded Chitosan Nanoparticles Into Electrospun Fibrous Scaffolds For Bioactivity Retention And Cartilage Regeneration.
Published 2017 · Materials Science, Medicine
Growth factor is an essential ingredient to regulate mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) chondrogenic differentiation in cartilage tissue engineering. However, non-osteochondral specification, short plasma half time and bioactivity loss restrict growth factor's application. Thus, novel chondrogenic growth factors, specifically target osteochondral lineage cells, that can be sustained release and bioactivity protected to exert functions continually and effectively have attracted increasing researchers' interest. To achieve these goals, chitosan nanoparticles and electrospun fiber scaffolds were used as dual release system to sustain release Nel-like molecule-1 (Nell-1) growth factor and protect bioactivity, then the effect and mechanism of Nell-1 on inducing human bone MSCs (hBMSCs) differentiate toward chondrocytes were investigated. For release and bioactivity protection study, preloading Nell-1 into chitosan nanoparticles significantly extended the release time, increased the released Nell-1's bioactivity than directly incorporating Nell-1 into the scaffolds. Furthermore, Nell-1 specifically promotes hBMSCs in vitro chondrogenic differentiation by increasing expression of chondrogenic related genes and proteins. These findings suggest the potential utility of Nell-1 incorporated dual release scaffold for cartilage tissue engineering.