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Plant Carbon Nourishment Of Arbuscular Mycorrhizal Fungi.

R. Roth, U. Paszkowski
Published 2017 · Biology, Medicine

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Reciprocal nutrient exchange between the majority of land plants and arbucular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi is the cornerstone of a stable symbiosis. To date, a dogma in the comprehension of AM fungal nourishment has been delivery of host organic carbon in the form of sugars. More recently a role for lipids as alternative carbon source or as a signalling molecule during AM symbiosis was proposed. Here we review the symbiotic requirement for carbohydrates and lipids across developmental stages of the AM symbiosis. We present a role for carbohydrate metabolism and signalling to maintain intraradical fungal growth, as opposed to lipid uptake at the arbuscule as an indispensible requirement for completion of the AM fungal life cycle.
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