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CT-based Radiomic Signature Predicts Distant Metastasis In Lung Adenocarcinoma.

T. Coroller, P. Grossmann, Y. Hou, E. Rios Velazquez, R. Leijenaar, Gretchen Hermann, P. Lambin, Benjamin Haibe-Kains, R. Mak, H. Aerts
Published 2015 · Medicine

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Radiomics provides opportunities to quantify the tumor phenotype non-invasively by applying a large number of quantitative imaging features. This study evaluates computed-tomography (CT) radiomic features for their capability to predict distant metastasis (DM) for lung adenocarcinoma patients. MATERIAL AND METHODS We included two datasets: 98 patients for discovery and 84 for validation. The phenotype of the primary tumor was quantified on pre-treatment CT-scans using 635 radiomic features. Univariate and multivariate analysis was performed to evaluate radiomics performance using the concordance index (CI). RESULTS Thirty-five radiomic features were found to be prognostic (CI>0.60, FDR<5%) for DM and twelve for survival. It is noteworthy that tumor volume was only moderately prognostic for DM (CI=0.55, p-value=2.77×10(-5)) in the discovery cohort. A radiomic-signature had strong power for predicting DM in the independent validation dataset (CI=0.61, p-value=1.79×10(-17)). Adding this radiomic-signature to a clinical model resulted in a significant improvement of predicting DM in the validation dataset (p-value=1.56×10(-11)). CONCLUSIONS Although only basic metrics are routinely quantified, this study shows that radiomic features capturing detailed information of the tumor phenotype can be used as a prognostic biomarker for clinically-relevant factors such as DM. Moreover, the radiomic-signature provided additional information to clinical data.
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